Email updates

Keep up to date with the latest news and content from BMC Urology and BioMed Central.

Open Access Research article

Effect of warm intravenous and irrigating fluids on body temperature during transurethral resection of the prostate gland

LI Okeke

Author Affiliations

Urology Division, Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, University college Hospital, PMB 5116, Ibadan, Nigeria

BMC Urology 2007, 7:15  doi:10.1186/1471-2490-7-15

Published: 18 September 2007

Abstract

Background

Transurethral resection of the prostate gland with irrigation fluid at room temperature leads to perioperative hypothermia which could give rise to adverse cardiovascular events in the perioperative period. The use of isothermic irrigation fluid reduces but does not eliminate this risk. Routine use of warm intravenous fluids along with isothermic irrigation had not been documented. This study set out to investigate the effect of the use of warm intravenous fluid together with isothermic irrigation fluid on the body temperature in patients undergoing transurethral resection of the prostate gland.

Methods

One hundred and twenty consented patients with obstructing benign prostatic hyperplasia were randomly assigned to one of 3 groups. Group 1 received irrigation and intravenous fluids at room temperature, group 2 received warmed irrigation fluid at 38°C along with intravenous fluid at room temperature while group 3 patients received warmed irrigation fluid and warmed intravenous fluids at 38°C. Their perioperative body temperature changes were monitored, analyzed and compared.

Results

The mean decrease in body temperature at the end of the procedure was significantly greater in group 1 (0.98 ± 0.56°C) than in group 2 (0.42 ± .21°C) (p < 0.001). Significantly more patients in group 1 also experienced shivering. However, in group 3, there was no significant change in the mean body temperature (p > 0.05) and none of them felt cold or shivered.

Conclusion

It is concluded that the use of isothermic irrigation fluid together with warm intravenous fluids during TURP prevents the occurrence of perioperative hypothermia.

Trial registration number

CCT-NAPN-15944