Table 4

Multilevel logistic regression analyses for inappropriate use of indwelling urethra catheters in hospitalized patients
Initial placement Prevalence survey
Univariate Multivariate Univariate Multivariate
Risk factor OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Agea 1.46 (1.25-1.72)** 1.30 (1.12-1.52)* 1.38 (1.21-1.56)** 1.27 (1.12-1.43)**
Gender
Male 1.00* 1.00* 1.00* 1.00*
Female 1.86 (1.26-2.73) 1.73 (1.17-2.56) 1.58 (1.15-2.17) 1.45 (1.05-2.00)
Medical ward
ICU 1.00** 1.00* 1.00** 1.00**
non-ICU 6.16 (2.5-16.67) 4.80 (1.84-12.52) 10.0 (3.70-25.00) 7.85 (3.04-20.25)
Surgery
Yes 1.00** 1.00** 1.00** 1.00*
No 2.78 (1.89-4.17) 2.40 (1.59-3.62) 1.82 (1.33-2.50) 1.56 (1.12-2.17)

CI, confidence interval; ICU, intensive care unit; OR, odds ratio.

a incremental increase by 10years.

*P value, <0.05; **P value <0.001.

Jansen et al.

Jansen et al. BMC Urology 2012 12:25   doi:10.1186/1471-2490-12-25

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