Table 3

Comparison of reported clinical leak rates by author.

Author

Year

n (Tested)

Method

Anastomosis Location

IOL #(%)

POL #(%)


Davies [6]

1988

33

Air

Low Anterior Resection

6 (18)

4 (12)

Gilbert [7]

1988

21*

Saline

Low vs. Low Anterior

5 (24)

1 (5)

Beard [8]

1990

73

Air

Above/Below Reflection

18 (25)

3 (4)

Pritchard [9]

1990

82**

Air

High/low Anterior

5 (6)

8 (10)

Griffith [10]

1990

60**

Air

Anterior Resection

11 (18)

2 (3)

Dixon [11]

1991

119**

Saline

Anterior Resection

5 (4)

2 (2)

Wheeler [12]

1999

102

Saline

Anterior/Low Anterior

21 (21)

7 (7)

Schmidt [13]

2002

260***

Air/MBE

Low Anterior Resection

47 (18)

27 (10)


Total

750

118 (16)

54 (7)


*Hand sewn anastomoses. **Stapled anastomoses. ***Cases from 1995–2000, stapled anastomoses.

Smith et al. BMC Surgery 2007 7:15   doi:10.1186/1471-2482-7-15

Open Data