Email updates

Keep up to date with the latest news and content from BMC Surgery and BioMed Central.

This article is part of the supplement: Selected articles from the XXV National Congress of the Italian Society of Geriatric Surgery

Open Access Research article

Treatment of a rapidly expanding thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm after endovascular repair of descending thoracic aortic aneurysm in an old patient

Vito Mannacio1, Michele Mottola1, Danilo Ruggiero1, Andrea D’Alessio1, Giuseppina Gabriella Surace1, Ettorino Di Tommaso1*, Bruno Amato2 and Gabriele Iannelli1

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Cardiac Surgery, University of Napoli Federico II, Napoli, Italy

2 Department of General, Geriatric, Oncologic Surgery and Advanced Technologies, University “Federico II” of Naples, Italy

For all author emails, please log on.

BMC Surgery 2012, 12(Suppl 1):S26  doi:10.1186/1471-2482-12-S1-S26

Published: 15 November 2012

Abstract

Background

Aortic pathology progression and/or procedure related complications following endovascular repair should always be considered mostly in older patients. We herein describe a hybrid procedure for treatment of rapidly expanding thoracoabdominal aneurysm following endovascular treatment of a descending thoracic aortic aneurysm in an older patient.

Case presentation

A 82-year-old man at 18 months after endovascular surgery for a contained rupture of descending thoracic aortic aneurysm revealed a type IV thoracoabdominal aneurysm with significant increase of the aortic diameters at superior mesenteric and renal artery levels. A hybrid approach consisting of preventive visceral vessel revascularization and endovascular repair of entire abdominal aorta was performed. Under general anaesthesia and by xyphopubic laparotomy, the infrarenal aneurysmatic aorta and common iliac arteries were replaced by a bifurcated woven prosthetic graf. From each of the prosthetic branches two reverse 14x7 mm bifurcated PTFE prosthetic grafts were anastomized to both renal arteries and to the celiac axis and superior mesenteric artery, respectively. Vessel ischemia was restricted to the time required for anastomosis. Three 10 cm Gore endovascular stent-grafts for a total length of 15 cm, were used. The overlapping of the stent-grafts was carried out from the bottom upwards, starting from the aorto-iliac prosthetic body up to the healthy segment of thoracic aorta, 40 mm from the previous stent-grafts.

The patient was discharged on the 9th postoperative day.

Conclusion

This technique offers the advantage of a less invasive treatment, reducing the risk of paraplegia, visceral ischaemia and pulmonary complications, mostly in older patients.