Table 4

Characteristics of included trials of manual acupuncture for pain relief in patients with knee osteoarthritis

First author, publication year

Type

No of patients on active therapy (n = 409)

Method quality

Treat-ment period (weeks)

Mean baseline pain (mm VAS)

Best mean difference (95% CI) of change over placebo (mm VAS)

Outcome assessment timepoints (weeks, best time point used in bold)


Berman-04

TCM with "de Qi"

169

4

12

44.5

1.2 (-2.5 to 4.9)

4, 8

Molsberger-94

TCM with "de Qi

71

4

5

46.8

10.6 (0.1 to 21.3)

5

Takeda-94

TCM with "de Qi"

20

3

4

56.0

2.0 (-7.5 to 11.9)

4

Witt-05

TCM with "de Qi"

149

4

8

64.9

7.1 (0.2 to 14.4)

8

8 weeks

318

3.6 (0.2 to 7.1)

Total

409

3.8*

54.7†

1.3 † (-2.7 to 4.7)

4


*Mean † Weighted mean

Bjordal et al. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:51   doi:10.1186/1471-2474-8-51

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