Table 1

The characteristics of the Back School Programme and clinic groups at baseline

Back School group (n = 50)

Clinic group (n = 52)

P


Mean (SD)

No. (%)

Mean (SD)

No. (%)


Age (year)

42.9 (10.7)

44.7 (10.8)

0.4

Weight (Kg)

68.7 (10.4)

69.1 (12.5)

0.8

Pain duration (months)

8.90 (3.2)

9.24 (3.2)

0.5

Sciatica

0.7

Yes

11 (22)

10 (19)

No

39 (78)

42 (81)

Education

0.1

Primary

10 (20.0)

15 (28.8)

Secondary

15 (30.0)

11 (21.2)

Diploma

19 (38.0)

18 (34.6)

College/higher

6 (12.0)

8(15.4)

Occupation

0.1

Employed

6 (12.0)

13 (25.0)

Housewife

44 (88.0)

39 (75.0)

Household income

0.3

High

24 (48.0)

20 (38.5)

Moderate

23 (46.0)

25 (48.1)

Low

3 (6.0)

7 (13.5)

Smoking

0.3

Non-smoker

47 (94.0)

51 (98.1)

Smoker

3 (6.0)

1(1.9)

Do exercise

0.6

Always (every day)

8 (16.0)

5 (9.6)

Occasionally (2 to 3 times in a week)

22 (44.0)

26 (50.0)

Never

20 (40.0)

21 (40.4)

Using proper chair*

0.5

Yes

22 (44.0)

26 (50.0)

No

28 (56.0)

26 (50.0)

Using proper shoes*

0.8

Yes

34 (68.0)

34 (65.4)

No

16 (32.0)

18 (34.6)

Using proper bed*

0.6

Yes

34 (68.0)

38 (73.1)

No

16 (32.0)

14 (26.9)


* Proper chair: chairs with straight backs or low back support and also knee support to keep the knees a little higher than the hips. Proper shoes: shoes with low heels (1 inch or lower). Proper bed: medium-firm mattresses that provide support while allowing for natural curves and alignment of the spine.

Tavafian et al. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:21   doi:10.1186/1471-2474-8-21

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