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Open Access Study protocol

The influence of computer-assisted surgery on rotational, coronal and sagittal alignment in revision total knee arthroplasty

Marrigje F Meijer1*, Martin Stevens1, Alexander L Boerboom1, Sjoerd K Bulstra1 and Inge HF Reininga2

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Orthopaedics, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, P.O. Box 30.001, 9700 Groningen, RB, The Netherlands

2 Department of Trauma Surgery, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, P.O. Box 30.001, 9700 Groningen, RB, The Netherlands

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BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2014, 15:94  doi:10.1186/1471-2474-15-94

Published: 19 March 2014

Abstract

Background

Despite good results of primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA), the number of revision total knee arthroplasties (rTKAs) is rising. Proper implant position is essential, since malposition leads to worse clinical outcome. In rTKA most anatomical landmarks have disappeared because of extensive bone loss, making it more difficult to adequately implant the knee prosthesis. In primary TKA, computer-assisted surgery (CAS) leads to better prosthetic alignment than mechanical navigation guides. Literature about the use of CAS in rTKA is scarce though, and the effect on rotational prosthetic alignment has not been investigated yet. Hence the primary objective of this study is to compare rotational prosthetic alignment when using CAS in rTKA compared to a mechanical navigation guide. Secondary objectives are to compare prosthetic alignment in the coronal and sagittal planes. It is hypothesized that CAS leads to better rotational, coronal and sagittal prosthetic alignment when used during rTKA.

Methods/Design

A prospective clinical intervention study with use of a historical control group will be conducted. Forty-four patients with a minimum age of 18 to be admitted for CAS-rTKA between September 2012 and September 2015 will be included in the intervention group. Forty-four patients with a minimum age of 18 who underwent rTKA with the use of a mechanical navigation guide between January 2002 and April 2012 will form the historical control group. Both groups will be matched according to gender and type of revision prosthesis. Rotational prosthesis alignment will be evaluated using a CT-scan of the knee joint.

Discussion

Proper implant position is essential, since malposition leads to worse clinical outcome. Several studies show a significantly positive influence of CAS on prosthetic alignment in primary TKA, but literature about the use of CAS in rTKA is limited. The purpose of this study is thus to investigate the influence of CAS during rTKA on postoperative prosthetic alignment, compared to mechanical navigation guides.

Trial registration

Netherlands National Trial Register NTR3512