Table 4

Results of the meta-analyses taking the between-group standardized mean differences as the effect size
Outcome measure k d+ 95% C. I. dT- dC
dldu
Pain 5 1.019 0.478 1.561 0.994
Disability 2 0.366 −0.345 1.077 0.742
Flexibility 2 0.703 −0.024 1.430 0.711
Endurance 1 0.870 −0.212 1.952 0.777
Mental health 1 −0.243 −1.235 0.749 −0.115
Self-reports 5 0.656 0.127 1.184 0.737
Clinicians 2 0.548 −0.176 1.273 0.641
Combined 5 0.664 0.139 1.189 0.730

k: number of studies for each outcome measure. d+: mean effect size for each outcome. dl and du: lower and upper limits of the 95% confidence interval for the mean effect size in each outcome. dTdC: difference between the treatment and control within-group means (calculated from Table 3). All of the heterogeneity Q statistics were not statistically significant (p > .05) and all I2 indices were equal to 0%.

Calvo-Muñoz et al.

Calvo-Muñoz et al. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2013 14:55   doi:10.1186/1471-2474-14-55

Open Data