Table 4

Medical costs associated with tibia shaft fracture patients by nonunion status
Medical and Pharmacy Costs All Tibia Fractures N = 853 Nonunion N = 99: Without Nonunion N = 754: P values
Tibia Fracture Related Costs
Inpatient < 0.001
   · Median $0.00 $1,115.92 $0.00
   · Mean $3,378.69 $7,263.96 $2,868.56
   · SD $10,652.67 $16,129.49 $9,607.02
Outpatient < 0.001
   · Median $178.06 $674.05 $150.10
   · Mean $584.24 $1,300.95 $490.14
   · SD $1,505.94 $2,414.03 $1,315.75
Emergency Room 0.52
   · Median $0.00 $0.00 $0.00
   · Mean $32.34 $23.03 $33.56
   · SD $261.46 $134.00 $273.86
Total < 0.001
   · Median $663.50 $2,316.07 $531.97
   · Mean $3,995.27 $8,587.94 $3,392.25
   · SD $10,811.50 $16,306.36 $9,721.82
Non-Tibia Fracture Related Costs
Inpatient < 0.001
   · Median $611.98 $7,214.43 $368.81
   · Mean $8,735.48 $25,487.19 $6,535.98
   · SD $23,600.99 $51,161.42 $15,743.06
Outpatient < 0.001
   · Median $4,317.24 $9,952.65 $3,850.53
   · Mean $8,836.56 $15,736.12 $7,930.64
   · SD $13,962.48 $17,527.29 $13,172.68
Emergency Room 0.049
   · Median $0.00 $0.00 $0.00
   · Mean $260.65 $292.16 $256.52
   · SD $1,314.07 $715.34 $1,373.70
Total < 0.001
   · Median $7,114.27 $18,630.94 $6,086.31
   · Mean $17,832.68 $41,515.47 $14,723.14
   · SD $31,298.95 $59,303.29 $23,817.82
Total Costs
Inpatient < 0.001
   · Median $3,899.27 $9,697.55 $2,972.25
   · Mean $12,114.17 $32,751.14 $9,404.54
   · SD $26,874.18 $56,070.29 $18,565.20
Outpatient < 0.001
   · Median $4,869.33 $10,735.37 $4,419.38
   · Mean $9,420.80 $17,037.08 $8,420.78
   · SD $14,151.75 $18,219.82 $13,220.11
Emergency Room 0.11
   · Median $0.00 $0.00 $0.00
   · Mean $292.99 $315.19 $290.07
   · SD $1,340.86 $732.55 $1,401.56
Pain Medications < 0.001
   · Median $110.12 $380.98 $92.75
   · Mean $655.29 $1,034.90 $605.44
   · SD $2,144.27 $1,633.62 $2,198.56
Other Medications 0.61
   · Median $1,117.06 $1,117.47 $1,109.45
   · Mean $2,274.94 $2,368.05 $2,262.71
   · SD $3,539.38 $3,375.77 $3,562.27
Overall Total < 0.001
   · Median $13,364.57 $25,555.97 $11,686.24
   · Mean $24,758.18 $53,506.36 $20,983.55
   · SD $35,245.19 $65,259.77 $26,987.93

Notes: † P-value is based on the Wilcoxon test. SD – standard deviation.

Antonova et al.

Antonova et al. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2013 14:42   doi:10.1186/1471-2474-14-42

Open Data