Figure 3.

Effect of emphysema on skeletal muscle in terms of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) and carbonyl proteins in hamsters. (A) TBARS levels in muscle homogenates of hamsters treated with 2 different doses of papain. (B) Levels of protein carbonylation in muscle homogenates from control and emphysema hamsters. Results are presented as mean ± standard error of the mean (SEM; n = 8). Statistical differences were detected by one-way ANOVA followed by Bonferroni’s multiple comparison test. Control + saline (CS): animals treated with approximately 0.3 mL of saline only; emphysema 20 mg/mL (E20): animals treated with approximately 0.3 mL of 20 mg/mL papain in saline; and emphysema 40 mg/mL (E40): animals treated with approximately 0.3 mL of 40 mg/mL papain in saline. *p < 0.001 relative to CS, as detected by one-way ANOVA followed by Bonferroni’s multiple comparison test.

Tonon et al. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2013 14:39   doi:10.1186/1471-2474-14-39
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