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Open Access Research article

Functional improvements desired by patients before and in the first year after total hip arthroplasty

Kristi Elisabeth Heiberg12*, Arne Ekeland3 and Anne Marit Mengshoel2

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Physiotherapy, Bærum Hospital, Vestre Viken Hospital Trust, Sandvika, Norway

2 Department of Health Sciences, Institute of Health and Society, University of Oslo, P.O. Box 1089 Blindern, N-0317, Oslo, Norway

3 Martina Hansen’s Hospital, Sandvika, Norway

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BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2013, 14:243  doi:10.1186/1471-2474-14-243

Published: 15 August 2013

Abstract

Background

In the field of rehabilitation, patients are supposed to be experts on their own lives, but the patient’s own desires in this respect are often not reported. Our objectives were to describe the patients’ desires regarding functional improvements before and after total hip arthroplasty (THA).

Methods

Sixty-four patients, 34 women and 30 men, with a mean age of 65 years, were asked to describe in free text which physical functions they desired to improve. They were asked before surgery and at three and 12 months after surgery. Each response signified one desired improvement. The responses were coded according to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) to the 1st, 2nd and 3rd category levels. The frequency of the codes was calculated as a percentage of the total number of responses of all assessments times and in percentage of each time of assessment.

Results

A total of 333 responses were classified under Part 1 of the ICF, Functioning and Disability, and 88% of the responses fell into the Activities and Participation component. The numbers of responses classified into the Activities and Participation component were decreasing over time (p < 0.001). The categories of Walking (d450), Moving around (d455), and Recreation and leisure (d920) included more than half of the responses at all the assessment times. At three months after surgery, there was a trend that fewer responses were classified into the Recreation and leisure category, while more responses were classified into the category of Dressing (d540).

Conclusions

The number of functional improvements desired by the patients decreased during the first postoperative year, while the content of the desires before and one year after THA were rather consistent over time and mainly concerned with the ability to walk and participate in recreation and leisure activities. At three months, however, there was a tendency that the patients were more concerned about the immediate problems with putting on socks and shoes.

Keywords:
Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip; Rehabilitation; Desires; Functional improvement; ICF