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Open Access Study protocol

The effect of education and supervised exercise vs. education alone on the time to total hip replacement in patients with severe hip osteoarthritis. A randomized clinical trial protocol

Carsten Jensen12*, Ewa M Roos3, Per Kjærsgaard-Andersen4 and Søren Overgaard12

Author Affiliations

1 Orthopedic Research Unit, Dept. of Orthopedic Surgery and Traumatology, Odense University Hospital, 29, Sdr. Boulevard, DK-5000, Odense C, Denmark

2 Institute of Clinical Research, University of Southern Denmark, Odense C, Denmark

3 Musculoskeletal Function and Physiotherapy, Institute of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Odense C, Denmark

4 Sector for Hip and Knee Replacement, Dept. of Orthopedics, Vejle Hospital, Vejle, Denmark

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BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2013, 14:21  doi:10.1186/1471-2474-14-21

Published: 14 January 2013

Abstract

Background

The age- and gender-specific incidence of total hip replacement surgery has increased over the last two decades in all age groups. Recent studies indicate that non-surgical interventions are effective in reducing pain and disability, even at later stages of the disease when joint replacement is considered. We hypothesize that the time to hip replacement can be postponed in patients with severe hip osteoarthritis following participation in a patient education and supervised exercise program when compared to patients receiving patient education alone.

Methods/design

A prospective, blinded, parallel-group multi-center trial (2 sites), with balanced randomization [1:1]. Patients with hip osteoarthritis and an indication for hip replacement surgery, aged 40 years and above, will be consecutively recruited and randomized into two treatment groups. The active treatment group will receive 3 months of supervised exercise consisting of 12 sessions of individualized, goal-based neuromuscular training, and 12 sessions of intensive resistance training plus patient education (3 sessions). The control group will receive only patient education (3 sessions). The primary end-point for assessing the effectiveness of the intervention is 12 months after baseline. However, follow-ups will also be performed once a year for at least 5 years. The primary outcome measure is the time to hip replacement surgery measured on a Kaplain-Meier survival curve from time of inclusion. Secondary outcome measures are the five subscales of the Hip disability and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score, physical activity level (UCLA activity score), and patient’s global perceived effect. Other measures include pain after exercise, joint-specific adverse events, exercise adherence, general health status (EQ-5D-5L), mechanical muscle strength and performance in physical tests. A cost-effectiveness analysis will also be performed.

Discussion

To our knowledge, this is the first randomized clinical trial comparing a patient education plus supervised exercise program to patient education alone in hip osteoarthritis patients with an indication for surgery on the time to total hip replacement.

Trial registration

NCT01697241

Keywords:
Exercise therapy; Education; Osteoarthritis; Hip; Hip replacement