Table 2

Vilkki HWO severity grading for radial dysplasia
Severity points HWO (−1 to 16p) Severity points mH (−1 to 9p)
H HAND (0-8p)
MCP II-V flexion <45° 1/ digit 1/digit
PIP II-V extension deficit >20° 1/digit 1/digit
W WRIST Radial deviation (0-4p)
Mild 10-30° 1
Moderate 30-60° 2
Severe 60-90° 3
Extreme >90° 4
O OTHER (0-3p)
Elbow TAM <60° or weak flexion 1
Elbow Extension deficit >20° 1
Shoulder Abduction or Flexion <120° 1
Pinching pattern dig IV-V 1 1
Functional or reconstructable thumb −1 −1
Sum Maximum 16 9

Ekblom et al.

Ekblom et al. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2013 14:116   doi:10.1186/1471-2474-14-116

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