Table 1

the exact exercise, number of repetitions and external load will be determined by the physiotherapist.

Functional retraining exercises performed three times a week

•Sitting (isometric)

• Sit-to-stand

• Single step up

• Stair walking

• Single leg squat

Quadriceps muscle strengthening performed three times/week

• Inner range (open kinetic chain)

• Mid range (open kinetic chain)

• Weight-bearing

Hip abduction strengthening performed three times a week

• Side-lying hip abduction

• Side-lying hip abduction with rubber band for resistance

• Standing, hip abduction of the non-weight bearing leg

• Standing, hip abduction of the non-weight bearing leg with rubber band between the ankles as extra resistance

• Side-lying bridge

• Side-bridge with hip abduction


• Hamstring muscle stretches in sitting

• Anterior hip structures stretch. Subjects in prone position, one hip externally rotated and with both the hip and knee flexed

• Patellofemoral joint mobilisation and soft-tissue will be performed by the physiotherapist and taught so patient can perform this themselves

Patellar taping

• Combination of tilt, medial glide and fat pad unloading as necessary- the tape will be applied by the physiotherapist each training session

Rathleff et al. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2012 13:9   doi:10.1186/1471-2474-13-9

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