Open Access Open Badges Technical advance

Experimentally induced incomplete burst fractures - a novel technique for calf and human specimens

René Hartensuer1*, Adam Gasch1, Dominic Gehweiler1, Steffen Schanz1, Martin Schulze1, Lars Matuszewski2, Martin Langer1, Michael J Raschke1 and Thomas Vordemvenne1

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Trauma-, Hand-, and Reconstructive Surgery, Westfälische Wilhelms-University Münster, Waldeyerstrasse 1, Münster 48149, Germany

2 Department of Clinical Radiology, Westfälische Wilhelms-University Münster, Albert-Schweitzer-Straße 33, Münster 48149, Germany

For all author emails, please log on.

BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2012, 13:45  doi:10.1186/1471-2474-13-45

Published: 25 March 2012



Fracture morphology is crucial for the clinical decision-making process preceding spinal fracture treatment. The presented experimental approach was designed in order to ensure reproducibility of induced fracture morphology.


The presented method resulted in fracture morphology, found in clinical classification systems like the Magerl classification. In the calf spine samples, 70% displayed incomplete burst fractures corresponding to type A3.1 and A3.2 fractures. In all human samples, superior incomplete burst fractures (Magerl A3.1) were identified by an independent radiologist and spine surgeon.


The presented set up enables the first experimental means to reliably model and study distinct incomplete burst fracture patterns in an in vitro setting. Thus, we envisage this protocol to facilitate further studies on spine fracture treatment of incomplete burst fractures.

Incomplete burst fractures; Magerl A3.1; Calf; Human; Spine; Experimental fracture induction