Table 2

Classification of biomarkers of muscle fatigue
Biomarker Source
ATP metabolism biomarkers
  Lactate Serum
  Ammonia Serum
  Oxipurines Serum
Oxidative stress biomarkers
  Lipid peroxidation
     Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) Serum
     Isoprostanes (F2-isoP) Serum, urine
  Protein peroxidation
     Protein carbonyls Serum
  Antioxidative capacity
     Glutathione (GSH) Serum
     Glutathione peroxidase (GTX) Serum, leukocytes
     Catalase Serum
     Total antioxidant capacity (TAC) Serum
Inflammatory biomarkers
  Leukocytes Blood
  Interleukin-6 Serum
  TNF-α Serum

Finsterer

Finsterer BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2012 13:218   doi:10.1186/1471-2474-13-218

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