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Open Access Highly Accessed Research article

Effects of a one week multidisciplinary inpatient self-management programme for patients with fibromyalgia: a randomised controlled trial

Bente Hamnes1*, Petter Mowinckel2, Ingvild Kjeken2 and Kåre B Hagen23

Author Affiliations

1 Hospital for Rheumatic Diseases, Lillehammer, Norway

2 National Resource Centre for Rehabilitation in Rheumatology, Department of Rheumatology, Diakonhjemmet Hospital, Oslo, Norway

3 Department of Health Sciences, Institute of Health and Society, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway

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BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2012, 13:189  doi:10.1186/1471-2474-13-189

Published: 26 September 2012

Abstract

Background

Self-management programmes (SMP) are recommended for patients with fibromyalgia. The purpose of this study was to evaluate effects of a one week multidisciplinary inpatient self-management programme on psychological distress, skills as a consumer of health services, self-efficacy, and functional and symptomatic consequences of fibromyalgia (FM).

Methods

A randomised controlled two-armed, assessor-blinded trial with three-week follow-up to evaluate SMP. Primary outcomes were the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-20) and the Effective Musculoskeletal Consumer Scale (EC-17), while secondary outcomes included the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ) and Self-efficacy scales for pain, function and symptoms (ASES).

Results

150 patients with FM were randomised to one week one SMP (n = 75) or to a waiting list control group (n = 75). Of these, 58 participants in the treatment group and 60 in the control group completed the study. At three weeks’ follow up there was a significant difference in EC-17 (0-100) in favour of the treatment group (mean difference 4.26, 95 CI 0.8 to 7.7, p = 0.02). There were no differences between the groups for any of the other outcomes.

Conclusion

This study shows that in patients with FM the SMP had no effect on psychological distress, functional and symptomatic consequences and self-efficacy, except for a small short-term effect on skills and behaviour that are important for managing and participating in health care (EC-17). Clinical Trials.gov Id: NCT01035125.

Trial registration

Clinical Trials.gov Id: NCT01035125

Keywords:
Self-management programme; RCT; Fibromyalgia