Table 3

Range of motion (in degrees) for both knees in each group before and after treatment
Flexion Extension
Right Left Right Left
Before After P Before After P Before After P Before After P
KIN 76 ± 9 73 ± 12 >0.77 74 ± 11 69 ± 12 >0.98 171 ± 6 177 ± 4a 0.0003 172 ± 5 178 ± 3a 0.001
(n = 16) (56 – 90) (55 – 90) (50 – 90) (55 – 87) (160 – 180) (168 – 180) (161–180) (170 – 180)
TENS 79 ± 7 76 ± 10 >0.34 81 ± 12 79 ± 7 >0.44 172 ± 6 178 ± 3a 0.003 170 ± 8 176 ± 4a 0.002
(n = 12) (68 – 90) (59 – 90) (50 – 90) (65 – 89) (160 – 180) (170 – 180) (150 – 180) (168 – 180)
US 81 ± 8 76 ± 7 >0.83 80 ± 8 75 ± 8 >0.39 171 ± 6 175 ± 7 0.21 172 ± 7 173 ± 7 0.47
(n = 12) (67 – 90) (66 – 87) (67 – 90) (56 – 86) (165 – 180) (156 – 180) (160 – 180) (160 – 180)

Data are expressed as mean ± S.D (min – max).

a different from before for the same group.

Mascarin et al.

Mascarin et al. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2012 13:182   doi:10.1186/1471-2474-13-182

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