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Open Access Research article

The vertical hip fracture – a treatment challenge. A cohort study with an up to 9 year follow-up of 137 consecutive hips treated with sliding hip screw and antirotation screw

Anders Enocson* and Lasse J Lapidus

Author Affiliations

Department of Clinical Science and Education, Orthopaedic Unit, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm Söder Hospital, 118 83, Stockholm, Sweden

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BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2012, 13:171  doi:10.1186/1471-2474-13-171

Published: 13 September 2012

Abstract

Background

Femoral neck fractures with a vertical orientation have been associated with an increased risk for failure as they are both axial and rotational unstable and experience increased shear forces compared to the conventional and more horizontally oriented femoral neck fractures. The purpose of this study was to analyse outcome and risk factors for reoperation of these uncommon fractures.

Methods

A cohort study with a consecutive series of 137 hips suffering from a vertical hip fracture, treated with one method: a sliding hips screw with plate and an antirotation screw. Median follow-up time was 4.8 years. Reoperation data was validated against the National Board of Health and Welfare’s national registry using the unique Swedish personal identification number.

Results

The total reoperation rate was 18%. After multivariable Logistic regression analysis adjusting for possible confounding factors there was an increased risk for reoperation for displaced fractures (22%) compared to undisplaced fractures (3%), and for fractures with poor implant position (38%) compared to fractures with adequate implant position (15%).

Conclusions

The reoperation rate was high, and special attention should be given to achieve an appropriate position of the implant.

Keywords:
Hip fracture; Osteosynthesis; Basicervical fracture; Vertical hip fracture