Table 1

Patient Characteristics (n = 428)

Men

Women


n(%)

n(%)

p-value


103 (24.1)

325 (75.9)

Age in years; mean (SD)

79.0 (7.0)

82.7 (6.7)

< 0.001

Type of fracture*

0.421

Cervical fracture

67 (67.0)

192 (62.5)

Trochanteric fracture

33 (33.0)

115 (37.5)

Type of operation*

Prosthesis

54 (52.4)

174 (53.7)

0.821

ORIF

49 (47.6)

150 (46.3)

Preoperative morbidity

Circulatory disease

64 (62.1)

227 (69.9)

0.144

Respiratory disease

18 (17.5)

25 (7.7)

0.004

Malignancy

17 (16.5)

23 (7.1)

0.004

Dementia, Alzheimer's disease

15 (14.6)

93 (28.6)

0.004

Digestive disease

6 (5.8)

25 (7.7)

0.524

Other

17 (16.5)

45 (13.9)

0.504

Follow-up time†; mean (SD)

3.3 (3.1)

3.9 (3.0)

0.077

Died during follow-up

86 (83.5)

252 (77.5)

0.196

Underlying cause of death

Circulatory disease

39 (37.9)

110 (33.9)

0.456

Respiratory disease

13 (12.6)

31 (9.5)

0.369

Malignancy

12 (11.7)

19 (5.9)

0.048

Dementia, Alzheimer's disease

10 (9.7)

43 (13.2)

0.344

Digestive disease

2 (1.9)

14 (4.3)

0.270

Other

10 (9.7)

35 (10.8)

0.760

Place of death

Hospital, health centre, other care facility

65 (75.6)

190 (75.4)

0.973

Home, dwelling

7 (8.1)

7 (2.8)

0.031

Other (e.g., old people's home)

14 (16.3)

54 (21.4)

0.304

Unknown

0 (0)

1 (0.4)

0.559


SD = standard deviation

ORIF = open reduction and internal fixation

* Type of fracture unknown for 21 patients and type of operation unknown for 1 patient

† Follow-up years from operation to death or end of 2007

Panula et al. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2011 12:105   doi:10.1186/1471-2474-12-105

Open Data