Figure 5.

(a) Front view/(b) Back view of von Mises stress distribution and (c) front view/(d) back view of von Mises strain distribution in the lumbar spine (without ligaments) under an evenly distributed load of 460 N over the superior surface of the L1 vertebral body in a standing posture.

Kuo et al. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2010 11:151   doi:10.1186/1471-2474-11-151
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