Table 2

Postural changes in women with CPP and in healthy women.

Postural changes

Control (n = 48)

CPP (n = 108)

kappa

OR

95%CI

p


Head % (n)

72.9 (35)

84.3 (91)

0.53

1.2

0.5–2.9

NS

Tilt

72.9 (35)

83.3 (90)

Rotation

---

46.3 (50)

Protraction

6.2 (3)

27.8 (30)

Cervical spine % (n)

12.5 (6)

36.1 (39)

0.85

3.9

1.5–10

<0.01

Rectification

6.2 (3)

6.5 (7)

Hyperlordosis

6.2 (3)

29.6 (32)

Shoulders % (n)

50 (24)

59.3 (64)

0.27

1.4

0.8–6.1

NS

Protraction

43.7 (21)

48.1 (52)

Medial rotation

12.5 (6)

19.4 (21)

Scapulae % (n)

12.5 (6)

27.8 (30)

1.00

2.8

1–7.5

<0.01

Winged

12.5 (6)

11.1 (12)

Plane

---

4.6 (5)

Discrepancy

---

13 (14)

Thoracic spine % (n)

18.8 (9)

14.8 (16)

0.39

0.8

0.1–4.8

NS

Hyperkyphosis

12.5 (6)

1.8 (2)

Rectification

6.2 (3)

13 (14)

Lumbar spine % (n)

50 (24)

62 (67)

1.00

0.8

0.7–6

NS

Hyperlordosis

43.8 (21)

44.4 (48)

Rectification

6.2 (3)

16.7 (18)

Scoliosis

---

4.6 (5)

Pelvis % (n)

62.5 (30)

76.8 (83)

0.54

2

0.3–3.2

NS

Antepulsion

25 (12)

32.4 (35)

Asymmetry of the iliac spines

35.4 (17)

60.2 (65)

Retroversion

2.1 (1)

1.8 (2)

Knee % (n)

20.8 (10)

29.6 (32)

0.51

1.6

0.2–2.8

NS

Hyperextension

12.5 (6)

13 (14)

Valgum

6.2 (3)

14.8 (16)

Varum

2.1 (1)

3.7 (4)

Feet % (n)

37.5 (18)

38 (41)

0.97

1

0.4–3.9

NS

Cavus

18.8 (9)

29.6 (32)

Flat

8.3 (4)

6.5 (7)

Asymmetry of the malleoli

10.4 (5)

2.8 (3)

LDR (mean ± SD)

81.0 ± 10.2

83.4 ± 7.1

LDA (mean ± SD)

88.8 ± 10.2

91.1 ± 7.3

FFD (mean ± SD)

11.9 ± 9.7

13.9 ± 13.4


Notes- LDR: Leg-length discrepancy real; LDA: Leg-length discrepancy apparent;

FFD: Fingertip to floor distance. Kappa: inter-rater reliability; SD: standard deviation; OR: odds ratio; CI: confidence interval; Ns: non-significant; CPP: chronic pelvic pain.

Montenegro et al. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:82   doi:10.1186/1471-2474-10-82

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