Table 2

Relative co-morbidity risks related to being overweight or obese

Co-morbidity

Measure

Overweight

Obesity


Male

Female

Male

Female


Type II Diabetes*

BMI

2.40 (2.12–2.72)

3.92 (3.10–4.97)

6.74 (5.55–8.19)

12.41 (9.03–17.06)


WC

2.27 (1.67–3.10)

3.40 (2.42–4.78)

5.13 (3.81–6.90)

11.10 (8.23–14.96)


Cancer


Breast, Postmenopausal

BMI

-

1.08 (1.03–1.14)

-

1.13 (1.05–1.22)


Colorectal

BMI

1.51 (1.37–1.67)

1.45 (1.30–1.62)

1.95 (1.59–2.39)

1.66 (1.52–1.81)


Endometrial

BMI

-

1.53 (1.45–1.61)

-

3.22 (2.91–3.56)


Esophageal

BMI

1.13 (1.02–1.26)

1.15 (0.97–1.36)

1.21 (0.97–1.52)

1.20 (0.95–1.53)


Kidney

BMI

1.40 (1.31–1.49)

1.82 (1.68–1.98)

1.82 (1.61–2.05)

2.64 (2.39–2.90)


Ovarian

BMI

-

1.18 (1.12–1.23)

-

1.28 (1.20–1.36)


Pancreatic

BMI

1.28 (0.94–1.75)

1.24 (0.98–1.56)

2.29 (1.65–3.19)

1.60 (1.17–2.20)


Prostate

BMI

1.14 (1.00–1.31)

-

1.05 (0.85–1.30)

-


Cardiovascular Diseases


Hypertension*

BMI

1.28 (1.10–1.50)

1.65 (1.24–2.19)

1.84 (1.51–2.24)

2.42 (1.59–3.67)


WC

NA

1.38 (1.27–1.51)

NA

1.90 (1.77–2.03)


Coronary Artery Disease*

BMI

1.29 (1.18–1.41)

1.80 (1.64–1.98)

1.72 (1.51–1.96)

3.10 (2.81–3.43)


WC

1.41 (1.16–1.72)

1.82 (1.41–2.36)

1.81 (1.45–2.25)

2.69 (2.05–3.53)


Congestive Heart Failure*

BMI

1.31 (0.96–1.79)

1.27 (0.68–2.37)

1.79 (1.24–2.59)

1.78 (1.07–2.95)


Pulmonary Embolism

BMI

1.91 (1.39–2.64)

1.91 (1.39–2.64)

3.51 (2.61–4.73)

3.51 (2.61–4.73)


Stroke*

BMI

1.23 (1.13–1.34)

1.15 (1.00–1.32)

1.51 (1.33–1.72)

1.49 (1.27–1.74)


Other


Asthma

BMI

1.20 (1.08–1.33)

1.25 (1.05–1.49)

1.43 (1.14–1.79)

1.78 (1.36–2.32)


Gallbladder Disease*

BMI

1.09 (0.87–1.37)

1.44 (1.05–1.98)

1.43 (1.04–1.96)

2.32 (1.17–4.57)


WC

1.61 (1.40–1.85)

NA

2.38 (2.06–2.75)

NA


Osteoarthritis

BMI

2.76 (2.05–3.70)

1.80 (1.75–1.85)

4.20 (2.76–6.41)

1.96 (1.88–2.04)


Chronic Back Pain

BMI

1.59 (1.34–1.89)

1.59 (1.34–1.89)

2.81 (2.27–3.48)

2.81 (2.27–3.48)


BMI: body mass index; WC: waist circumference

If indicated, the relative risks calculated from the ratios of proportions (RR-Ps) were used; otherwise, the incidence rate ratios (IRRs) were used;

Both RR-Ps and IRRs were used

*WC measures were considered to be the better risk predictor than BMI measures

Cancer: cases, not mortality and indicated by physician diagnosis of cancer; Coronary Artery Disease: indicated by Myocardial Infarction or Angina; Osteoarthritis: indicated by joint replacement; Chronic Back Pain: indicated by early retirement due to back pain

NA: Not available; "-" Not applicable

Guh et al. BMC Public Health 2009 9:88   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-9-88

Open Data