Table 5

Associations of HIV belief/knowledge factors with stigma, disclosure, and ARV treatment outcome variables.

Expresses Shame-Related HIV Stigma

Willing to Disclose

Would Start ARVs


Unadj. OR

(Adj. OR)

P-value

Unadj. OR

(Adj. OR)

P-value

Unadj. OR

(Adj. OR)

P-value


Believes prayer can cure HIV

1.02

(0.88)

0.899

(0.504)

1.36

(0.99)

0.074

(0.961)

1.06

(2.07)

0.814

(0.171)


Believes HIV is a punishment from God

1.56

(1.46)

<0.001***

(0.008**)

1.17

(1.22)

0.269

(0.306)

0.89

(0.73)

0.570

(0.337)


Believes people with HIV have not followed the Word of God

1.75

(1.92)

<0.001***

(<0.001***)

1.15

(1.15)

0.382

(0.519)

0.85

(1.05)

0.437

(0.876)


ARV knowledge

0.90

(1.01)

0.519

(0.949)

0.96

(1.11)

1.00

(0.677)

1.98

(2.98)

0.003**

(0.002**)


Has had HIV test

1.00

(1.00)

1.00

(0.989)

1.41

(1.66)

0.019*

(0.020*)

0.97

(1.04)

0.887

(0.913)


Fears casual-contact HIV transmission

1.29

(1.11)

0.011*

(0.464)

0.87

(0.90)

0.320

(0.600)

1.28

(1.52)

0.229

(0.173)


Never uses condoms

1.00

(0.83)

1.00

(0.233)

1.35

(1.38)

0.060

(0.116)

0.56

(0.70)

0.027*

(0.329)


The first OR shown is unadjusted. The second OR shown (in parentheses) is adjusted for the HIV belief/knowledge factors listed in the first column as well as for the demographic factors shown in Table 4. Significance levels of p < 0.05, p < 0.01, and p < 0.001 denoted by *, **, and ***, respectively. The 95% confidence intervals are reported in Additional file 1.

Zou et al. BMC Public Health 2009 9:75   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-9-75

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