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Open Access Research article

High prevalence of chronic kidney disease in Iran: a large population-based study

Farhad Hosseinpanah1*, Farshad Kasraei1, Amir A Nassiri1 and Fereidoun Azizi2

Author Affiliations

1 Obesity Research Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University Medical Campus (M.C), Tehran, Iran

2 Endocrine Research Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University Medical Campus (M.C), Tehran, Iran

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BMC Public Health 2009, 9:44  doi:10.1186/1471-2458-9-44

Published: 31 January 2009

Abstract

Background

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a global public health threat, associated with an alarming increase in morbidity and mortality. The importance is the worldwide increase in its incidence and prevalence.

Methods

In this cross-sectional study, we estimate the prevalence and determine the associated factors of chronic kidney disease in a representative sample of 10063 participants aged over 20 years, in Tehran, Iran. Chronic kidney disease was defined as estimated glomerular filtration rate less than 60 mL/min/1.73 m2. Glomerular filtration rate was estimated from abbreviated prediction equation provided by the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease study (MDRD).

Results

Overall prevalence of CKD with the abbreviated MDRD equation was 18.9% (95% confidence interval (CI) 18.2, 20.6). Age adjusted prevalence of CKD was 14.9% (95%CI 14.2, 15.6). Factors associated to CKD include age(years)(odds ratio(OR) 1.1, 95% CI 1.0 to 1.2), female gender (OR 3.1, 95% CI 2.6, 3.7), BMI (BMI 25 to <30 OR 1.5, 95% CI 1.3, 1.8 and BMI ≥ 30 OR 1.6, 95% CI 1.3, 2.0), high waist circumference (OR 1.2, 95% CI 1.1, 1.4), hypertension (OR 1.2, 95% CI 1.1, 1.4), and dyslipidemia (OR 1.3, 95% CI 1.1, 1.5).

Conclusion

CKD with its high prevalence poses a definite health threat in Iran.