Table 4

Association between body image disturbance and incidence of depressiona in participants of the SUN study according to sex.

Sex


Male

Female


Body image disturbance

Body image disturbance


None

Underestimated

Overestimated

None

Underestimated

Overestimated


Cases

43

52

0

163

71

9

Total

1840

2366

95

3549

2108

168

OR (95% CI)b

1 (ref.)

0.94 (0.62 – 1.41)

e

1 (ref.)

0.72 (0.54 – 0.95)

1.20 (0.60 – 2.39)

OR (95% CI)c

1 (ref.)

0.92 (0.60 – 1.39)

e

1 (ref.)

0.76 (0.57 – 1.01)

0.95 (0.43 – 2.06)

OR (95% CI)d

1 (ref.)

0.92 (0.60 – 1.39)

e

1 (ref.)

0.77 (0.57 – 1.02)

0.96 (0.44 – 2.09)


Odds Ratio (OR); 95% Confidence Interval (CI 95%);a Depression was defined only as a physician diagnosis, excluding those participants who reported use of antidepressant drugs, n = 160; b Odds Ratio of the association between body image disturbance and depression adjusted for age; c Odds Ratio of the association between body image disturbance and depression adjusted for age, body mass index, weight change in the past five years (none, lost, gain), marital status (unmarried, married, other), smoking (never, current smoker, past smoker), physical activity (METs-h/week), energy intake (Kcal/day), alcohol consumption (g/day), working hours (< 35 hours/week, >= 35 hours/week, unemployed), chronic diseases (cardiovascular diseases and cancer) at baseline; d Odds Ratio of the association between body image disturbance and incidence of depression adjusted for the same variables in (c) plus pregnancy and chronic diseases (cardiovascular diseases and cancer) during follow-up; e Odds Ratio could not be calculated.

Pimenta et al. BMC Public Health 2009 9:1   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-9-1

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