Table 3

Association between body image disturbance and incidence of depressiona in participants of the SUN study according to sex.

Sex


Male

Female


Body image disturbance

Body image disturbance


None

Underestimated

Overestimated

None

Underestimated

Overestimated


Cases

78

83

1

218

108

10

Total

1875

2397

96

3604

2145

169

OR (95% CI)b

1 (ref.)

0.83 (0.60 – 1.13)

0.24 (0.03 – 1.78)

1 (ref.)

0.81 (0.64 – 1.02)

1.02 (0.53 – 1.97)

OR (95% CI)c

1 (ref.)

0.83 (0.60 – 1.15)

0.23 (0.03 – 1.70)

1 (ref.)

0.84 (0.66 – 1.07)

0.81 (0.39 – 1.69)

OR (95% CI)d

1 (ref.)

0.83 (0.60 – 1.16)

0.21 (0.03 – 1.55)

1 (ref.)

0.85 (0.67 – 1.08)

0.82 (0.40 – 1.70)


Odds Ratio (OR); 95% Confidence Interval (95% CI); a Depression was defined as a physician diagnosis or the use of antidepressants drugs; b Odds Ratio of the association between body image disturbance and incidence of depression adjusted for age; c Odds Ratio of the association between body image disturbance and incidence of depression adjusted for age, weight change in the past five years (none, lost, gain), marital status (unmarried, married, other), smoking (never, current smoker, past smoker), physical activity (METs-h/week), energy intake (Kcal/day), alcohol consumption (g/day), working hours (< 35 hours/week, >= 35 hours/week, unemployed), chronic diseases (cardiovascular diseases and cancer) at baseline; d Odds Ratio of the association between body image disturbance and incidence of depression adjusted for the same variables in (c) plus pregnancy and chronic diseases (cardiovascular diseases and cancer) during follow-up.

Pimenta et al. BMC Public Health 2009 9:1   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-9-1

Open Data