Table 5

Age and sex-adjusted odds ratio (OR) for CVD risk factors by categories of SES and urbanisation status*

Overall obesity

Abdominal obesity

Low HDL-cholesterol

Hypertension


OR (95% CI)

P

OR (95% CI)

p

OR (95% CI)

p

OR (95% CI)

P


SES

Low (ref.)

1.0

1.0

1.0

1.0

Medium

1.5 (0.5–4.7)

0.449

1.7 (0.7–4.2)

0.242

2.6 (0.9–8.2)

0.100

1.8 (0.7–4.0)

0.220

High

9.7 (3.0–20.9)

<0.001

2.6 (0.9–7.0)

0.066

1.7 (0.5–6.2)

0.439

1.4 (0.4–4.0)

0.586

Length of urban residence

≤20 years (ref.)

1.0

1.0

1.0

1.0

21–33 years

0.8 (0.3–2.1)

0.607

0.9 (0.4–2.2)

0.801

0.9 (0.3–2.7)

0.841

1.3 (1.1–6.9)

0.041

≥34 years

1.8 (0.7–5.1)

0.245

2.3 (0.9–5.7)

0.100

1.5 (0.5–4.3)

0.461

2.8 (1.1–6.9)

0.031

Birthplace

Rural (ref.)

1.0

1.0

1.0

1.0

Urban

0.8 (0.3–1.8)

0.542

1.4 (0.6–3.1)

0.410

0.9 (0.4–2.4)

0.893

0.8 (0.3–1.8)

0.533


* Logistic regression analysis was not performed for diabetes and hypertriglyceridemia because they were almost non-existent in the study sample.

Overall obesity (dependent variable): Hosmer and Lemshow test: χ2 = 5.684; p = 0.683

Abdominal obesity (dependent variable): Hosmer and Lemshow test: χ2 = 3.950; p = 0.862

Hypertension (dependent variable): Hosmer and Lemshow test: χ2 = 4.316; p = 0.826

Low HDL-cholesterol (dependent variable): Hosmer and Lemshow test: χ2 = 6.697; p = 0.570

Sodjinou et al. BMC Public Health 2008 8:84   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-8-84

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