Table 1

Descriptive statistics of the sample, by Physical (PCS) and Mental (MCS) Score Components

Variables

PCS

MCS


SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC VARIABLES

Age

60–74

45.24 (10.50)

48.20 (10.82)

75+

37.72 (11.51)

45.15 (12.07)

Gender

male

44.68 (10.97)

48.92 (10.58)

female

41.42 (11.49)

45.90 (11.71)

CULTURAL-ECONOMIC VARIABLES

Educational level

no formal education

38.15 (11.45)

44.60 (11.96)

primary

43.65 (11.04)

47.70 (11.12)

secondary

47.60 (9.94)

49.73 (10.21)

university

48.57 (9.59)

50.46 (9.83)

Self assessment of household income

good

47.49 (10.14)

50.87 (9.81)

adequate

43.94 (11.08)

48.41 (10.74)

inadequate

40.38 (11.57)

44.80 (11.96)

absolutely inadequate

37.62 (11.61)

40.18 (12.85)

LIFESTYLE

Tobacco use

smoker

46.15 (10.20)

48.30 (10.95)

former smoker

43.60 (11.20)

48.09 (11.02)

non-smoker

41.88 (11.53)

46.65 (11.49)

Regular physical activities

no

41.83 (11.61)

46.56 (11.57)

yes

47.24 (9.14)

50.08 (9.70)

SOCIAL NETWORKS

Marital status

married

44.16 (10.93)

48.11 (10.90)

unmarried

40.71 (11.78)

45.79 (11.85)

Living alone

no

43.39 (11.24)

47.67 (11.11)

yes

41.05 (11.66)

45.73 (11.89)

Distance too long between own home and relatives' home

no

43.26 (11.29)

47.67 (11.12)

yes

41.14 (11.62)

45.37 (11.97)

Frequency of seeing/meeting friends

I terzile

38.93 (12.02)

43.42 (12.49)

II terzile

42.18 (11.29)

46.89 (11.23)

III terzile

44.69 (10.79)

48.80 (10.58)

Frequency of seeing/meeting family

I terzile

41.72 (11.81)

45.62 (12.07)

II terzile

42.22 (11.49)

47.02 (11.31)

III terzile

43.89 (10.98)

48.27 (10.77)

Leisure time for spiritual activities in the last three months

no

42.4 (11.54)

46.87 (11.49)

yes

45.70 (9.90)

49.51 (9.96)

Leisure time for recreational activities in the last three months

no

41.65 (11.51)

46.45 (11.60)

yes

48.38 (8.91)

50.81 (9.15)

GEOGRAPHICAL AREA

Regional aggregate

North-West

44.81 (10.84)

48.10 (10.92)

North-East

44.14 (11.13)

48.37 (11.18)

Centre

43.15 (11.30)

46.95 (11.52)

South

41.09 (11.38)

46.23 (11.26)

Islands

41.02 (12.01)

46.64 (11.83)

MEDICAL CONDITION AND HEALTH CARE SERVICES ACCESS/USE

Any disease in the last four weeks

no

46.51 (10.16)

49.69 (10.00)

yes

37.94 (11.08)

43.93 (12.14)

Reduced autonomy because of chronic disease

no

45.7 (9.91)

48.97 (10.31)

yes, sometimes

34.19 (9.47)

42.66 (11.99)

yes, often

28.71 (8.82)

37.95 (12.48)

Chronic medical condition

none

48.72 (9.16)

50.87 (9.23)

one chronic diseases

44.18 (10.52)

48.37 (10.58)

more than one chronic diseases

37.59 (11.09)

43.72 (12.21)

Drugs in the last two days

no

48.99 (8.61)

51.38 (8.62)

yes

40.05 (11.39)

45.33 (11.89)

I don't know

42.93 (11.15)

47.29 (10.89)

Medical consultation

no

45.49 (10.58)

48.93 (10.51)

yes

38.97 (11.41)

44.73 (12.00)


(Mean and SD)

de Belvis et al. BMC Public Health 2008 8:348   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-8-348

Open Data