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Factors associated with adolescent cigarette smoking in Greece: Results from a cross sectional study (GYTS Study)

George Rachiotis1, Adamson S Muula2, Emmanuel Rudatsikira3, Seter Siziya4, Athina Kyrlesi1, Konstantinos Gourgoulianis5 and Christos Hadjichristodoulou1*

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, School of Medicine, University of Thessaly, Greece

2 Department of Community Health, University of Malawi, College of Medicine, Blantyre, Malawi

3 Departments of Epidemiology and Biostatistics and Global Health, Loma Linda University, School of Public Health, Loma Linda, California, USA

4 Department of Community Medicine, University of Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia

5 Department of Pulmonology, School of Medicine, University of Thessaly, Greece

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BMC Public Health 2008, 8:313  doi:10.1186/1471-2458-8-313

Published: 15 September 2008



Data about the predictors of smoking among adolescents in Greece are sparse. We tried to identify factors associated with current cigarette smoking among in-school adolescents in Greece in the context of GYTS study.


A secondary analysis of data from a questionnaire study using the Global Youth Tobacco Survey methodology was conducted to identify factors associated with smoking among adolescents in Greece. Data were collected in 2004–2005. The outcome variable was cigarette smoking within the past 30 days preceding the survey while independent variables included age, gender, parental educational status, parental smoking, perception of harmfulness of smoking, and the amount of pocket money at the adolescent's disposal.


6141 adolescents (51.5% males and 48.5% females) participated in the study. In multivariate analysis, cigarette smoking was associated with male gender (OR: 1.62; 95% CI: 1, 08–3.08), parental smoking (OR: 2.59; 95% CI: 1.45–5.89), and having pocket money ≥ 16 Euros (OR: 2.64; 95% CI: 1.19–5.98).


Male gender, parental smoking, and having pocket-money ≥ 16 Euros were independently associated with current smoking among Greek students. These findings could be taken into account in order to formulate a comprehensive anti-smoking strategy in Greece.