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Open Access Research article

The longitudinal relationship between job mobility, perceived organizational justice, and health

Mats Liljegren* and Kerstin Ekberg

Author Affiliations

National Centre for Work and Rehabilitation, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences ,Linköping University, SE-581 83 Linköping, Sweden

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BMC Public Health 2008, 8:164  doi:10.1186/1471-2458-8-164

Published: 19 May 2008

Abstract

Background

The main purpose of the present study was to examine the 2-year longitudinal and reciprocal relationship between job mobility and health and burnout. A second aim was to elucidate the effects of perceived organizational justice and turnover intentions on the relationship between job mobility (non-, internally and externally mobile), and health (SF-36) and burnout (CBI).

Methods

The study used questionnaire data from 662 Swedish civil servants and the data were analysed with Structural Equation Modeling statistical methods.

Results

The results showed that job mobility was a better predictor of health and burnout, than health and burnout were as predictors of job mobility. The predictive effects were most obvious for psychosocial health and burnout, but negligible as far as physical health was concerned. Organizational justice was found to have a direct impact on health, but not on job mobility; whereas turnover intentions had a direct effect on job mobility.

Conclusion

The predictive relationship between job mobility and health has practical implications for health promotive actions in different organizations.