Table 4

Study Results – education and other hygiene behaviour change

Study

Outcome

Relative Risk (95% C I)


Pinfold and Horan 1996 [49]

CBA

Quality Score 3a

Fingertip contamination levels

Haggerty, Muladi et al 1994 [54]

RCT

Quality Score 4b

Risk of reporting diarrhoea in peak diarrhoeal season

0.89 (0.80, 0.98)c

Ahmed, Zeitlin et al 1993 [48]

CBA

Quality Score 4a

Diarrhoea

Children 0 -18 months

0.66d

Stanton & Clemens 1987, 1987 [32,33]

RCT

Quality Score 4b

Diarrhoea

Total episodes Children <6yrs

0.74 (0.67, 0.82)e

Age Group

0 yrs

0.76 (0.55, 1.05)

1 yrs

0.92 (0.75, 1.13)

2 yrs

0.54 (0.43, 0.66)e

3 yrs

0.68 (0.54, 0.85)f

4 yrs

0.93 (0.69, 1.25)

5 yrs

0.92 (0.68, 1.21)

Overall

0.75 (0.68, 0.83)e;g

Yeager, Huttly et al 2002 [35]

RCT

Quality Score 3b

No disease outcome – Hygiene knowledge and practices

Tonon 1982 [55]

CBA

Quality Score 2a

No disease outcome – Observed sanitary changes


aMaximum Score for CBA 6; bMaximum score for RCT 7; cCI taken from Fewtrell and Colford [71]; dStudy not analysed as a CBA; RR taken from Fewtrell and Colford [71], no CI provided; eP < 0.0001; fP < 0.001; gEpisodes per 100 person-weeks of observation.

McDonald et al. BMC Public Health 2008 8:153   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-8-153

Open Data