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Open Access Research article

Epidemiological analysis of injury in Shandong Province, China

Jixiang Ma1*, Xiaolei Guo1, Aiqiang Xu1, Jiyu Zhang1 and Chongqi Jia2

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Non-Communicable Disease Prevention, Shandong Centre for Disease Control and Prevention, 72 Jingshi Road, Jinan 250014, China

2 Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, Shandong University, China

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BMC Public Health 2008, 8:122  doi:10.1186/1471-2458-8-122

Published: 17 April 2008

Abstract

Background

Injury is an emerging public health problem with social development and modernization in developing countries. To describe the prevalence and burden of injury and provide elaborate information for policy development, we conducted a community-based household survey in the Shandong Province of China.

Methods

The survey was conducted in 2004. Participants were selected by a multi-stage random sampling method. Information on injuries occurring in 2003 was collected in four cities and six rural counties in Shandong Province, China.

Results

The estimated incidence rate of injury in Shandong Province was 67.7 per 1,000. Injury incidence was higher in rural areas (84.3 per 1,000) than in urban areas (42.9 per 1,000), and was higher among males (81.1 per 1,000) than females (54.1 per 1,000).

The average years of potential life lost is 37.7 years for each fatal injury. All injuries together caused 6,080,407 RMB yuan of direct and indirect economic loss, with traffic injuries accounting for 44.8% of the total economic loss.

Conclusion

Injury incidence was higher among males than females, and in rural areas than in urban areas. Youngsters suffered the highest incidence of injury. Injury also caused large losses in terms of both economics and life, with traffic injuries contributing the most to this loss. Strategies for prevention of injury should be developed.