Table 2

Prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in population-based studies from Europe

Prevalence of CKD


Author [ref.] year

Country

Study population, study design, number of participants, response, age, gender

MDRD equation

CG/BSA equation






Brugts et al. [28] 2005

Netherlands

Participants of the Rotterdam Study, prospective cohort study, N = 4484, response 78%, aged ≥ 55 yrs. (mean age: 69.6 yrs.), 36.3% males.

NR

Overall: 44.9%






Cirillo et al. [29] 2006

Italy

Participants from central Italy, cross-sectional study, N = 4574, response NR, aged 18–95 yrs., 45.5% males.

Overall: 6.4%

Men: 6.5%, Women: 6.2%

NR

Age (yrs.)

Men

Women

18–44

0.6%

1.3%

45–54

2.6%

1.3%

55–64

7.3%

5.4%

65–74

15.0%

11.0%

75+

34.5%

31.6%






Hallan et al. [30] 2006

Norway

Participants of the second Health Survey of Nord-Trondelag County (HUNT II), cross-sectional study, N = 65181, response 70.4%, aged ≥ 20 yrs. (mean age: 50.2 yrs.), 46.8% men.

Overall: 4.7%

Men: 3.6%, Women: 5.7%

NR

Age (yrs.)

20–39

0.2%

30–59

1.4%

60–69

6.3%

70+

18.6%






Nitsch et al. [31] 2006

Switzerland

Participants of the Swiss SAPALDIA Study, random sample, cross-sectional study, N = 6317, response NR, aged ≥ 18 yrs., 49% males.

Overall: 8.1%

Men: 4.5%, Women: 11.5%

NR

Age (yrs.)

Men

Women

< 55

1.1%

7.9%

55–65

7.1%

23.5%

66+

12.9%

35.9%






Otero et al. [32] 2005

Spain

Randomly selected participants of the Estudio Epidemioloógic o de la Insuficiencia Renal en Espana (EPIRCE) pilot study, cross-sectional study, N = 237, response NR, aged ≥ 20 yrs. (mean age: 49.58 yrs.), 42.6% males.

Overall: 5.1%

NR






Verhave et al. [33] 2004

Netherlands

Participants of the Prevention of Renal and Vascular End-stage Disease Study, cohort study, N = 6022, response NR, aged 28–75 yrs. (mean age: 48 yrs.), 51.5% males.

NR

Overall: 4.2%






Viktorsdottir et al. [34] 2005

Iceland

Participants of the Reykijavik Heart Study, cross-sectional study. N = 19256, response NR, aged 33–85 yrs., 48% males.

Overall: 7.2%

Men: 3.7%, Women: 10.9%

Overall: 24.7%

Men: 19%, Women: 30%

Age (yrs.)

Men

Women

35–39

0.8%

2.2%

40–44

1.1%

3.0%

45–49

1.3%

4.4%

50–54

2.3%

6.3%

55–59

2.4%

7.6%

60–64

5.2%

11.7%

65–69

13.5%

36.1%

70–74

17.0%

38.1%

75–79

19.5%

35.3%

80+

24.5%

53.1%






Wasen et al. [35] 2004

Finland

Participants from elderly residents in a community, cross-sectional study, N = 1246, response 83%, age 64–100 yrs. (mean age: 74 yrs.), 42% males.

Overall: 35.8%

Overall: 58.5%


MDRD: simplified equation of the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease Study.

CG/BSA: Cockcroft-Gault formula adjusted by Body Surface Area.

GFR: Glomerular Filtration Rate.

NR: Not reported.

Zhang and Rothenbacher BMC Public Health 2008 8:117   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-8-117

Open Data