Table 5

Adjusted Mental and Physical Component Summary Score* Means Stratified by Active Duty and Reserve/National Guard Military Men

Active Duty (n = 32,526)

Reserve/National Guard (n = 22,781)


Characteristic

MCS

PCS

MCS

PCS


Age, years

17–24

52.4a

54.6a

54.1a

56.6a

25–34

53.4b

54.3a

54.1a

55.8b

35–44

53.8b

53.2b

54.4a

54.7c

≥ 44

54.5c

52.1c

55.2b

53.6d

Education

No high school diploma

52.1a

52.7a

53.9a

54.6a

High school diploma diploma/equivalent

53.6b

53.4b

54.3a

54.8a

Some college

54.3c

53.7b

54.7b

55.3b

College degree

54.1b, c

54.4c

54.9b

56.1c

Marital status

Not married

53.2a

54.0a

54.1a

55.5a

Married

54.2b

53.5b

54.9b

54.8b

Divorced

53.2a

53.1b

54.3a

55.2a, b

Race/ethnicity

White non-Hispanic

53.0a

53.3a

54.1a

55.3a

Black non-Hispanic

54.7b

53.6a, b

55.0b

54.9a

Asian/Pacific Islander

53.4a

53.9b

54.2a, b

55.6a

Hispanic

53.5a

53.9b

54.7a, b

55.0a

Other

53.2a

53.2a, b

54.2a, b

55.1a

1998–2000 deployment to Bosnia, Kosovo, or Southwest Asia experience

No

53.4a

53.5a

54.5a

55.4a

Yes

53.6a

53.6a

54.4a

54.9b

Length of service, years

0–3

52.4a

53.8a

54.8a

55.5a

4–8

53.5b

53.9a

54.1b

55.1a

9–15

54.1c

53.9a

54.3a, b

55.2a

≥ 16

54.0b, c

52.6b

54.6a

54.9a

Military rank

Enlisted

52.5a

52.4a

53.4a

54.5a

Warrant officer

53.9b

53.5b

55.3b

55.1a, b

Commissioned officer

54.2b

54.7c

54.6b

55.9b

Branch of service

Army

53.0a

52.5a

54.0a

54.2a

Air Force

54.0b

54.2b

55.3b

55.6b

Navy and Coast Guard

53.3a, c

54.0b

54.6c

55.5b

Marines

53.8b, c

53.5c

53.9a, c

55.3b

Occupational category

Combat specialists

53.7a

53.6a

54.6a

55.3a

Other occupations

53.4b

53.5a

54.3b

55.0b


* Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short Form Health Survey for Veterans. 1998 general US population means used to calculate mental and physical component summary scores (MCS, PCS)

Only men with MCS and PCS scores and complete demographic data are reported in this table.

a, b, c Letters that are different indicate statistically significant differences (p < 0.05) of adjusted and weighted means. Same letters indicate no statistically significant differences in means. Tukey's method was used to adjust for multiple comparisons.

Smith et al. BMC Public Health 2007 7:340   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-7-340

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