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Open Access Research article

Metabolic syndrome in a Taiwanese metropolitan adult population

Cheng-Chieh Lin12, Chiu-Shong Liu1, Ming-May Lai1, Chia-Ing Li3, Ching-Chu Chen4, Pei-Chia Chang3, Wen-Yuan Lin1, Yih-Dar Lee5, Tsann Lin16 and Tsai-Chung Li78*

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Family Medicine, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan

2 Institute of Health Care Administration, College of Health Science, Asia University, Taichung, Taiwan

3 Medical Research, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan

4 Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan

5 Lilly Taiwan, Eli Lilly and Company, Taipei, Taiwan

6 Department of Family Medicine, College of Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan

7 Institute of Chinese Medicine Science, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan

8 Biostatistics Center, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan

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BMC Public Health 2007, 7:239  doi:10.1186/1471-2458-7-239

Published: 13 September 2007

Abstract

Background

Metabolic syndrome (MS) is a combination of medical disorders that increase one's risk for cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Little information exists on the prevalence of MS in a general adult population in Taiwan.

Methods

We did a cross-sectional survey in a representative sample of 2,359 Chinese adults aged 40 years and over who lived in a metropolitan city, Taiwan in 2004–05. MS was defined by Adult Treatment Panel III criteria modified for Asians.

Results

The prevalence of MetS was 35.32% and 43.23% in men aged 40–64 years and 65 years and over, respectively, and 24.19% and 51.82% in women aged 40–64 years and 65 years and over. Older age, postmenopausal status, higher body mass index, current smoking, low education attainment, low household income, no alcohol consumption, lower level of occupation physical activity, and a family history of diabetes were associated with increased odds of MetS.

Conclusion

MetS was present in more than 30% of the Taiwan adult population aged 40 years and over in a metropolitan area; there were substantial variations by age and body mass index groups.