Table 3

Relative risk (95% confidence intervals) of reporting disease by cohort and by socio-demographic factors, adjusted for all other variables in the model

Model 1: Number of chronic conditions

Model 2: Arthritis

Model 3: Chronic airways obstruction


Cohort

1996/7 vs. 1991/2

1.35 (1.10 to 1.65)

1.42 (1.14 to 1.78)

1.35 (1.02 to 1.77)

Sociodemographics

Sex

Females vs. Males

1.39 (1.12 to 1.72)

1.87 (1.47 to 2.37)

1.07 (0.80 to 1.43)

Age (1 year increase)

1.11 (1.04 to 1.20)

1.08 (1.00 to 1.17)

1.02 (0.93 to 1.12)

Living status

Lives alone

1

1

1

Lives with spouse

1.16 (0.90 to 1.49)

1.05 (0.79 to 1.39)

1.09 (0.77 to 1.54)

Lives with others

0.91 (0.60 to 1.38)

1.05 (0.66 to 1.67)

0.91 (0.51 to 1.63)

Education

12+ years

1

1

1

10 – 11 years

0.68 (0.47 to 0.97)

0.77 (0.51 to 1.14)

0.77 (0.46 to 1.27)

0 – 9 years

1.21 (0.88 to 1.67)

1.16 (0.82 to 1.66)

1.00 (0.64 to 1.54)

Social class*

I & II

1

1

1

III

1.13 (0.89 to 1.44)

1.05 (0.86 to 1.37)

1.20 (0.85 to 1.68)

IV & V

1.30 (0.97 to 1.74)

1.03 (0.75 to 1.43)

1.53 (1.03 to 2.26)

Armed forces/missing

1.23 (0.63 to 2.39)

1.14 (0.52 to 2.48)

1.58 (0.64 to 3.87)

Smoking status

Never smoker

1

1

1

Current smoker

1.39 (1.09 to 1.76)

1.16 (0.88 to 1.51)

1.51 (1.08 to 2.10)

Ex-smoker

0.93 (0.70 to 1.24)

0.94 (0.68 to 1.30)

1.28 (0.85 to 1.92)


*I & II: Professional & managerial or technical; III: Manual & non-manual; IV & V: Partly & unskilled

Jagger et al. BMC Public Health 2007 7:156   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-7-156

Open Data