Table 1

Summary of 27 studies evaluating interventions to improve the quality of healthcare for racial/ethnic minorities

# studies


Publication Date

1980–1989

3

1990–1999

20

2000–2003

4

Study Design

RCT

20

CCT

7

Study Setting

Hospital Outpatient Setting

14

Community Health Center

4

Group Practice

2

Community

1

>one of the above

6

Clinical Areas

Prevention

19

Mental Health

3

Chronic kidney Disease

1

Asthma

1

Acute Respiratory Tract Infections

1

Emergency Medical Systems

1

End of Life Care

1

Targeted Health Providers

Physicians

17

Non-physicians

2

Physicians and Non-physicians

8

Patient Ethnicity

>50% African American

19

>50% Latino

2

>50% Asian/Pacific Islander

0

>50% American Indian/Alaskan Native

0

Main Provider Intervention

Tracking/Reminder

10

Provider Education

2

Bypass Physician

2

Structured Patient Questionnaire

1

Remote Simultaneous Translation

1

Subspecialty Consult

1

Defibrillators on Emergency Vehicles

1

> one of the above (Multifaceted)

9

Patient Intervention

Present

14

Absent

13


Beach et al. BMC Public Health 2006 6:104   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-6-104

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