Table 2

Adjusted odds ratios (AOR) of frequent mental distress (FMD), stratified by metropolitan status

Risk variable

Metropolitan-Central City N = 3,505

P value

Metropolitan-Suburban N = 1,251

P value

Non-Metropolitan N = 1,001

P value


AOR * (95% CI)

AOR * (95% CI)

AOR * (95% CI)

Age group

18–24

Reference

Reference

Reference

25–34

1.25 (0.77–2.03)

0.366

0.40 (0.19–0.85)

0.016

0.94 (0.32–2.72)

0.904

35–44

1.40 (0.85–2.30)

0.186

0.63 (0.28–1.40)

0.256

1.73 (0.64–4.67)

0.283

45–54

1.42 (0.87–2.30)

0.157

0.96 (0.46–1.98)

0.904

1.49 (0.50–4.46)

0.476

55–64

1.16 (0.65–2.09)

0.614

0.59 (0.25–1.37)

0.218

0.93 (0.31–2.77)

0.892

65+

0.60 (0.33–1.08)

0.091

0.26 (0.11–0.59)

0.001

0.77 (0.29–2.02)

0.586

Race/ethnicity

Non-Hispanic white

Reference

Reference

Reference

Hispanic

0.53 (0.37–0.77)

0.001

0.49 (0.23–1.03)

0.058

0.88 (0.41–1.88)

0.738

Non-Hispanic Black

0.90 (0.59–1.39)

0.648

0.88 (0.31–2.46)

0.804

0.90 (0.33–2.50)

0.845

Other

1.23 (0.62–2.43)

0.547

0.81 (0.25–2.63)

0.725

1.57 (0.37–6.65)

0.540

Sex

Female

Reference

Reference

Reference

Male

0.50 (0.37–0.68)

<0.001

0.73 (0.47–1.14)

0.171

0.77 (0.44–1.36)

0.368

Marital status

Single/never married

Reference

Reference

Reference

Married

0.56 (0.43–0.74)

<0.001

0.81 (0.50–1.30)

0.384

0.98 (0.56–1.70)

0.931

Educational status

< high school degree

Reference

Reference

Reference

high school degree

0.75 (0.51–1.12)

0.165

0.85 (0.44–1.61)

0.623

0.90 (0.42–1.96)

0.800

some college

0.59 (0.38–0.92)

0.018

0.36 (0.17–0.77)

0.008

0.71 (0.31–1.62)

0.420

College graduate

0.42 (0.26–0.67)

<0.001

0.41 (0.20–0.83)

0.013

0.15 (0.05–0.50)

0.002

Household income

<$25,000

Reference

Reference

Reference

$25,000–$75,000

0.53 (0.38–0.74)

<0.001

0.56 (0.32–0.97)

0.040

0.34 (0.17–0.71)

0.004

≥$75,000

0.51 (0.33–0.80)

0.003

0.36 (0.16–0.82)

0.016

0.94 (0.38–2.42)

0.905

Income missing

0.45 (0.28–0.71)

0.001

0.62 (0.27–1.39)

0.245

0.41 (0.18–0.96)

0.040

Body mass index

Obese

1.96 (1.37–2.80)

<0.001

1.04 (0.61–1.79)

0.881

1.28 (0.58–2.87)

0.542

Overweight

1.19 (0.82–1.72)

0.357

1.16 (0.70–1.92)

0.562

1.69 (0.78–3.63)

0.181

Normal

Reference

Reference

Reference

Underweight

2.98 (1.54–5.78)

0.001

1.26 (0.37–4.29)

0.710

11.94 (3.66–38.97)

<0.001

BMI missing

0.22 (0.67–2.23)

0.513

0.35 (0.11–1.16)

0.087

0.74 (0.19–2.83)

0.656


CI = confidence interval.

* Adjusted for all other variables in Table 1.

Rohrer et al. BMC Public Health 2005 5:46   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-5-46

Open Data