Table 5

Risk factors for incident comorbid conditions

Hazard Ratio, (95% Confidence Interval)


    Male

    White

    Hispanic

    Asian

    Other

Age (per

    10 years
)

Year of Diabetes

    Incidence


Heart Disease

1.34 (1.19–1.50)

1.26 (1.06–1.50)

1.00 (0.84–1.20)

0.83 (0.62–1.13)

0.63 (0.42–0.95)

1.48 (1.42–1.54)

1.07 (1.03–1.12)

Congestive Heart Failure

1.57 (1.31–1.87)

1.10 (0.85–1.43)

0.57 (0.40–0.81)

0.55 (0.31–0.98)

0.99 (0.59–1.67)

1.56 (1.46–1.67)

1.06 (0.99–1.13)

Myocardial Infarction

1.71 (1.25–2.32)

1.81 (1.23–2.67)

0.95 (0.56–1.61)

0.47 (0.15–1.49)

0.45 (0.11–1.84)

1.56 (1.40–1.75)

1.01 (0.90–1.15)

Cerebrovascular Disease

1.20 (0.96–1.52)

1.08 (0.77–1.51)

0.61 (0.39–0.97)

0.47 (0.21–1.05)

0.56 (0.23–1.35)

1.66 (1.53–1.82)

0.99 (0.90–1.09)

Hypertension

1.04 (0.96–1.13)

0.71 (0.62–0.81)

0.67 (0.59–0.75)

0.78 (0.65–0.94)

0.61 (0.49–0.76)

1.32 (1.28–1.36)

1.29 (1.25–1.33)


Hazard ratios are adjusted for other variables shown in the table: sex, race/ethnicity, exact year of age, and year of diabetes incidence. Reference groups for hazard ratios are: Females (for Males); African Americans (for White, Hispanic, Asian, and Other); lower age; and earlier year of diabetes diagnosis.

Robbins et al. BMC Public Health 2005 5:15   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-5-15

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