Table 3

SES and Injuries Among Males: Multivariable Results1

All Adolescents

Total Injury (Unwtd N = 3430)

Recreation Injury (Unwtd N = 3079)

Non-Rec. Injury (Unwtd N = 2997)

OR2

95% CI

OR2

95% CI

OR2

95% CI


Household Income3 (Reference=lowest)

Lower-Middle

0.8

(0.5, 1.3)

0.9

(0.5, 1.6)

0.8

(0.5, 1.4)

Upper-Middle

1.2

(0.8, 1.9)

1.6

(0.9, 2.7)

0.9

(0.5, 1.5)

Highest

1.1

(0.7, 1.8)

1.3

(0.7, 2.6)

0.8

(0.4, 1.6)

Missing

0.9

(0.6, 1.4)

1.0

(0.6, 1.8)

0.8

(0.5, 1.4)


Neighbourhood Income3 (Reference=lowest)

Lower-Middle

*1.6

(1.0, 2.4)

1.5

(0.9, 2.6)

1.7

(0.9, 2.9)

Middle

1.2

(0.8, 1.8)

1.1

(0.6, 1.8)

1.4

(0.8, 2.5)

Upper-Middle

0.9

(0.6, 1.3)

0.9

(0.5, 1.5)

0.8

(0.5, 1.5)

Highest

1.3

(0.8, 2.0)

1.6

(0.9, 2.7)

0.8

(0.5, 1.5)


Neighbourhood Education3 (Reference=lowest)

Lower-Middle

*0.7

(0.5, 1.0)

*0.6

(0.4, 0.9)

0.9

(0.6, 1.5)

Middle

0.8

(0.6, 1.2)

0.6

(0.4, 1.0)

1.3

(0.7, 2.2)

Upper-Middle

1.0

(0.6, 1.5)

0.9

(0.5, 1.5)

1.1

(0.6, 1.9)

Highest

0.9

(0.6, 1.3)

0.9

(0.5, 1.5)

1.0

(0.6, 1.6)


Adolescents living with parent/s

Total Injury (Unwtd N = 2861)

Recreation Injury (Unwtd N = 2587)

Non-Rec. Injury (Unwtd N = 2488)

OR4

95% CI

OR4

95% CI

OR4

95% CI


Blishen SES Index3 (Reference=lowest)

Lower-Middle

1.3

(0.9, 2.0)

1.4

(0.8, 2.3)

1.3

(0.8, 2.2)

Upper-Middle

1.4

(0.9, 2.0)

*1.7

(1.1, 2.7)

1.0

(0.6, 1.6)

Highest

***1.9

(1.3, 2.8)

***2.5

(1.5, 4.0)

1.2

(0.7, 2.0)

Missing

0.7

(0.4, 1.2)

0.7

(0.4, 1.4)

0.7

(0.3, 1.4)


Parental Education3 (Reference =< secondary)

Secondary

0.8

(0.5, 1.3)

0.8

(0.4, 1.6)

0.8

(0.4, 1.4)

Some post-secondary

*0.5

(0.3, 0.9)

0.6

(0.3, 1.2)

**0.4

(0.2, 0.8)

College/trade diploma

1.0

(0.6, 1.6)

1.3

(0.7, 2.4)

0.7

(0.4, 1.3)

University Degree

0.8

(0.5, 1.4)

1.1

(0.6, 2.2)

*0.5

(0.3, 1.0)


CI = confidence interval; non-rec. = non-recreation; OR = odds ratio; SES = socioeconomic status; unwtd = unweighted

1 Influential outliers excluded: 29 excluded from full sample analyses; 22 excluded from parent sample

2 Odds ratios adjusted for age, rural/urban status, living arrangements, and geographic region

3 Each socioeconomic status variable examined separately (not adjusted for other SES variables)

4 Odds ratios adjusted for age, rural/urban status, and geographic region

* = p < 0.05; ** = p < 0.01; *** = p < 0.001 (relative to reference category)

Potter et al. BMC Public Health 2005 5:132   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-5-132

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