Table 4

Quality of life pre and post treatment (SF-36 scales)

Acupuncture

Homoeopathy


Baseline

Post Measurement

Effect sizes (d)$

Baseline

6 months post

Effect sizes (d$)


Physical Functioning (PF)

N = 4029

mean = 70

SD = 26

N = 3070

mean = 77

SD = 24

d = .28

N = 359

mean = 84

SD = 21

N = 301

mean = 89

SD = 18

d = .24

Role Physical (RP)

N = 3950

mean = 44

SD = 41

N = 3019

mean = 64#

SD = 41

d = .49

N = 359

mean = 62

SD = 41

N = 301

mean = 83#

SD = 32

d = .51

Bodily Pain (BP)

N = 4220

mean = 36

SD = 26

N = 3147

mean = 49#

SD = 27

d = .45

N = 373

mean = 57

SD = 31

N = 312

mean = 73#

SD = 30

d = .52

Gen. Health Perception (GH)

N = 4094

mean = 54

SD = 20

N = 3075

mean = 59

SD = 19

d = .26

N = 368

mean = 53

SD = 19

N = 305

mean = 68#

SD = 20

d = .79

Vitality (VT)

N = 4214

mean = 46

SD = 19

N = 3140

mean = 54

SD = 19

d = .36

N = 376

mean = 48

SD = 18

N = 309

mean = 61#

SD = 19

d = .72

Social Functioning (SF)

N = 4293

mean = 70

SD = 25

N = 3194

mean = 79#

SD = 22

d = .37

N = 378

mean = 72

SD = 25

N = 314

mean = 84#

SD = 20

d = .48

Role Emotional (RE)

N = 3875

mean = 68

SD = 41

N = 2977

mean = 78#

SD = 37

d = .23

N = 356

mean = 73

SD = 39

N = 298

mean = 87#

SD = 30

d = .36

Mental Health (MH)

N = 4170

mean = 60

SD = 19

N = 3117

mean = 67

SD = 18

d = .31

N = 376

mean = 59

SD = 18

N = 312

mean = 69#

SD = 16

d = .56


# clinically relevant (>=10 % improvement) $ d means effect size according to Cohen, with (MEANpost - MEANbaseline)/SDbaseline, d < 0.3 defined as small, d < 0.8 is assumed as being middle-sized, d > 0.8 is regarded as high [17]

G├╝thlin et al. BMC Public Health 2004 4:6   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-4-6

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