Table 1

Baseline demographics, treatment characteristics, and household expenditures of TB patients with poor treatment outcomes, N = 193*
Poor TB treatment outcomea Favorable TB treatment outcome Total N (%)
N (%) N (%) N = 193
38 (19.7) 155 (80.3)
Age (years)
Mean (STD) 42.4 (15.1) 36.1 (14.9) 37.4 (15.1)
Median (IQR)c 42.5 (26.0) 33.0 (21.0) 35.0 (21.0)
Sex
Female 8 (21.1) 36 (23.2) 44 (22.8)
Male 30 (79.9) 119 (76.8) 149 (77.2)
Household ethnic group
Georgian 36 (94.7) 137 (88.4) 173 (89.6)
Other 2 (5.3) 18 (11.6) 20 (10.4)
Residence location
Rural 3 (7.9)) 24 (15.5) 27 (14.0)
Urban 35 (92.1) 131 (84.5) 166 (86.0)
Education
Some secondary 6 (15.8) 27 (17.4) 33 (17.1)
Completed secondary 20 (52.6) 68 (43.9) 88 (45.6)
Some college or greater 12 (31.6) 60 (38.7) 72 (37.3)
Month household income
(USD)
Mean (STD) 93 (79.6) 171 (155.2) 156 (146.7)
Median (IQR)c 85 (94.9) 137 (133.3) 127 (131.3)
0-89.9 USD/monthb,d 18 (50.0) 41 (27.0) 59 (31.4)
90.0-162 13 (36.1) 47 (30.9) 60 (31.9)
>162 5 (13.9) 64 (42.1) 69 (36.7)
Occupation
Employed 10 (26.3) 66 (42.6) 76 (39.4)
Unemployed 18 (47.4) 60 (38.7) 78 (40.4)
Othere 10 (26.3) 29 (18.7) 39 (20.2)
TB characteristics
TB disease, self-reported
Not serious/moderate 14 (36.8) 75 (48.4) 89 (46.1)
Very serious 24 (63.2) 80 (51.6) 104 (53.9)
TB treatment location
Nurse administered 19 (54.3) 82 (52.9) 101 (53.2)
Dispensary 12 (34.3) 56 (36.1) 68 (35.8)
Other 4 (11.4) 17 (11.0) 21 (11.0)
2 month AFB smearb
Positive 10 (26.3) 7 (4.5) 17 (8.8)
Negative 28 (73.7) 148 (95.5) 176 (91.2)
Household stigma due to TB
Others feel uncomfortable
Yes 7 (18.4) 28 (18.1) 35 (18.1)
No 19 (50.0) 75 (48.4) 94 (48.7)
Others don’t know 12 (31.6) 52 (33.6) 64 (33.2)
Others treat inferior
Yes 6 (15.8) 17 (11.0) 23 (11.9)
No 20 (52.6) 86 (55.5) 106 (54.9)
Others don’t know 12 (31.6) 52 (33.6) 64 (33.2)
Others avoid contact
Yes 8 (21.1) 31 (20.0) 39 (20.2)
No 18 (47.4) 72 (46.4) 90 (46.6)
Others don’t know 12 (31.6) 52 (33.6) 64 (33.2)
Any stigmaf
Yes 8 (21.1) 34 (21.9) 42 (21.8)
No 30 (78.9) 121 (78.1) 151 (78.2)
Worry/concern among household
A lot 33 (94.3) 127 (84.1) 160 (86.0)
Some 2 (5.7) 20 (13.3) 22 (11.8)
A little/not at all 0 4 (2.6) 4 (2.2)
Household expenditures (all figures in USD)
Household expenditures before TB treatment
Past month total, self-reported
Mean (STD) 300 (474.1) 283 (208.7) 286 (279.2)
Median (IQR) 182 (181.8) 242 (212.1) 242 (193.9)
Past month total, calculated
Mean (STD) 316 (399.3) 345 (253.4) 339 (287.0)
Median (IQR)C 236 (174.7) 303 (235.2) 283 (235.9)
Past month healthcare
Mean (STD) 80 (93.4) 101 (105.1) 97 (103.0)
Median (IQR)C 48 (57.6) 67 (93.9) 61 (90.9)
Proportionate monthly income spent healthcare expenditure
Mean 1.52 (2.27) 0.86 (1.04) 0.99 (1.38)
Median 0.75 (1.31) 0.53 (0.76) 0.56 (0.81)
<0.50 13 (36.1) 67 (44.1) 80 (42.6)
0.50-1.0 11 (30.6) 46 (30.3) 57 (30.3)
>1.0 12 (33.3) 39 (25.7) 51 (27.1)

*193 of 202 case patients had information available on treatment outcome.

aDefaulted, failed (AFB smear positive after 6 months), or death.

bTwo sided Chi-Square p-value <0.05.

cTwo sided Wilcoxon Rank sum p-value <0.05.

dThree month average income from waves 1–3.

eOther: student, retired, or homemaker.

fCombined variable: any yes response from others feel uncomfortable, others treat inferior, or others avoid contact.

Djibuti et al.

Djibuti et al. BMC Public Health 2014 14:88   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-14-88

Open Data