Table 2

Themes and contributing factors identified
Themes and contributing factors identified during interviews and focus groups
Category Key theme Contributing factor
Knowledge and process Public health experience ▪ How public health experience influences enteric illness investigations (e.g. methodology, education)
Access to healthcare ▪ Influential factors that affect the availability of healthcare (e.g. remote location, language barrier, under-reporting)
Risk factors Travel International travel and domestic travel
Food handling Food handler
Cross contamination
Temperature control, undercooked food and time in storage
▪ Food choices: fresh produce, raw milk, deli meats, soft cheeses, sea food
Industry ▪ The farm-to-fork continuum: all production stages of food (i.e. slaughter, processing, packaging, retail)
Water ▪ Recreational activities: swimming, camping, canoeing, hiking
▪ Drinking contaminated surface water or well water
Geography Climate and seasonality
▪ Spatial factors: urban versus rural, postal code
Susceptibility factors Demographics ▪ Biological factors: age, gender, immune-compromised, co-morbidity
▪ Work and home environment factors: occupation, socio-economic status, living conditions, education, university residence, daycare, long-term care facility
Behaviours Mass gatherings
Person-to-person (e.g. MSM)
Culture: defined as shared experiences, values, and traditions
Ethnicity: defined as country of origin
Rituals/traditions: food handling practices passed down from generations
▪ Animal contact: petting zoos/farms, domestic pets, wildlife reserves
▪ Food preferences: cultural foods, traditional foods (e.g. aboriginal hunting), smoked foods
Personal hygiene practices (e.g. hand-washing)

This table provides a summary of the key themes discussed during the case study. The themes were categorized according to knowledge and process, risk factors, and susceptibility factors. Within these themes, a total of 50 contributing factors (in bold) were identified by informants.

Harding et al.

Harding et al. BMC Public Health 2014 14:405   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-14-405

Open Data