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Open Access Study protocol

Factors influencing social and health outcomes after motor vehicle crash injury: an inception cohort study protocol

Jagnoor Jagnoor1*, Fiona Blyth4, Belinda Gabbe5, Sarah Derrett6, Soufiane Boufous7, Michael Dinh8, Robert Day2, Gregory Button9, Mark Gillett2, Tony Joseph2, Michael Nicholas2, Rebecca Ivers3, Chris G Maher3, Simon Willcock10, Justin Kenardy11, Alex Collie12 and Ian D Cameron1

Author Affiliations

1 Rehabilitation Studies Unit, Sydney Medical School Northern, Level 13, Kolling building, St Leonards, NSW, Australia

2 E25, Royal North Shore Hospital, The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia

3 The George Institute for Global Health, PO Box M201 Missenden Road, Sydney, Australia

4 C22, Concord Clinical School, The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia

5 Epidemiology & Preventative Medicine, Monash Medical School Building, The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

6 Preventive & Social Medicine, Injury Prevention Research Unit (IPRU), PO Box 56, Dunedin, New Zealand

7 Transport and Road Safety (TARS), University of New South Wales, Research Level 1, West Wing, Kensington, Australia

8 C39, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia

9 Orange Base Hospital, PO Box 2052, Orange, NSW, Australia

10 The University of Sydney, 37A Booth Street, Balmain, NSW, Australia

11 CONROD, University of Queensland, Level 1, Edith Cavell Building, Herston, Australia

12 Institute of Safety, Compensation and Recovery Research, Level 11, 499 St Kilda Road, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

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BMC Public Health 2014, 14:199  doi:10.1186/1471-2458-14-199

Published: 25 February 2014



There is growing evidence that health and social outcomes following motor vehicle crash injury are related to cognitive and emotional responses of the injured individual, as well as relationships between the injured individual and the compensation systems with which they interact. As most of this evidence comes from other states in Australia or overseas, investigation is therefore warranted to identify the key determinants of health and social outcomes following injury in the context of the New South Wales motor accident insurance scheme.


In this inception cohort study, 2400 participants, aged 17 years or more, injured in a motor vehicle crash in New South Wales will be identified though hospital emergency departments, general and physiotherapy practitioners, police records and a government insurance regulator database. Participants will be initially contacted through mail. Baseline interviews will be conducted by telephone within 28 days of the injury and participants will be followed up with interviews at 6, 12 and 24 months post-injury. Health insurance and pharmaceutical prescription data will also be collected.


The study results will report short and long term health and social outcomes in the study sample. Identification of factors associated with health and social outcomes following injury, including related compensation factors will provide evidence for improved service delivery, post-injury management, and inform policy development and reforms.

Trial registration

Australia New Zealand Clinical trial registry identification number - ACTRN12613000889752. Available at: ANZCTR Registered FISH Study.