Table 2

Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for use of flavoured cigarettes to selected socio-demographic characteristics – Global Adult Tobacco Survey Poland (2009–2010)
Characteristic Flavoured cigarettes users Univariate logistic regression Multivariate logistic regressiona
n % 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
Gender
Male 140 10.5 8.9–12.1 1.00 Reference 1.00 Reference
Female 240 26.1 23.3–28.9 3.00*** 2.39–3.79 2.28*** 1.62–3.23
Age (years)
15–19 7 12.3 3.8–20.8 1.59 0.64–3.94 3.91 0.73–20.92
20–29 85 20.5 16.6–24.4 2.92*** 1.76–4.85 2.73* 1.14–6.53
30–39 96 19.7 16.2–23.2 2.78*** 1.68–4.57 1.49 0.67–3.35
40–49 89 16.9 13.7–20.1 2.30*** 1.39–3.80 1.35 0.62–2.97
50–59 82 16.1 12.9–19.3 2.18*** 1.32–3.62 1.36 0.64–2.90
> 60 21 8.1 4.8–11.4 1.00 Reference 1 Reference
Number of years of smoking (years)
<5 13 10.7 5.2–16.2 0.69 0.37–1.28 0.41 0.16–1.07
5–9 54 21.8 16.7–26.9 1.40 0.98–1.99 0.68 0.36–1.30
≥10 312 16.5 14.8–18.2 1.00 Reference 1.00 Reference
Daily cigarette consumption (cigarettes per day)
<5 62 29.1 23.0–35.2 2.72*** 1.93–3.84 2.77 0.97–7.91
5–9 45 20.2 14.9–25.5 1.68** 1.16–2.43 1.40 0.83–2.37
10–19 129 17.9 15.1–20.7 1.45** 1.12–1.88 1.02 0.71–1.46
≥20 144 13.1 11.1–15.1 1.00 Reference 1.00 Reference
Education
Primary 16 4.8 2.5–7.1 1.00 Reference 1.00 Reference
Vocational 103 13.3 10.9–15.7 3.03*** 1.75–5.22 1.87 0.95–3.67
Secondary 181 20.5 17.8–23.2 5.10*** 3.01–8.65 2.33* 1.17–4.64
High 80 30.2 24.7–35.7 8.54*** 4.84–15.06 3.19** 1.44–7.06
Occupational classification
Employed 272 19.6 17.5–21.7 1.40 0.82–2.40 2.55 0.93–6.98
Non–economically active 90 13.2 10.7–15.7 2.25** 1.35–3.73 3.27* 1.17–9.13
Unemployed 18 9.8 5.5–14.1 1.00 Reference 1.00 Reference
Place of residence
Rural 135 12.9 10.9–14.9 1.00 Reference 1.00 Reference
Urban
Up to 50 000 68 16.7 13.1–20.3 1.35 0.98–1.85 0.98 0.61–1.58
50 000–200 000 70 21.4 17.0–25.8 1.84*** 1.34–2.53 1.64* 1.04–2.59
Over 200 000 107 22.7 18.9–26.5 1.98*** 1.49–2.62 1.65* 1.08–2.51
Monthly income
Less than 1000 PLN 75 11.0 8.6–13.4 1.00 Reference 1.00 Reference
From 1000 to 1500 PLN 96 17.1 14.0–20.2 1.66** 1.14–2.42 1.03 0.57–1.85
From 1501 to 2000 PLN 94 20.8 17.1–24.2 2.17*** 1.48–3.17 1.22 0.65–2.26
From 2001 to 3000 PLN 71 21.6 17.1–26.1 2.21*** 1.47–3.33 1.02 0.52–2.01
Over 3000 PLN 45 19.5 14.4–24.6 2.02** 1.27–3.20 0.97 0.45–2.09
Awareness of smoking health consequences
Yes 351 17.0 15.8–19.2 1.62* 1.07–2.47 1.38* 1.07–2.15
No 29 11.6 7.6–15.6 1.00 Reference 1.00 Reference
Perceiving some kinds of cigarettes less harmful than others
May be less harmful 121 20.5 17.2–23.8 1.40 0.99–2.00 1.40** 1.08–1.80
All are equally harmful 259 15.6 13.9–17.3 1.00 Reference 1.00 Reference

aFully adjusted model including all analysed characteristics.

*p ≤ 0.05.

**p ≤ 0.01.

***p ≤ 0.001.

Kaleta et al.

Kaleta et al. BMC Public Health 2014 14:127   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-14-127

Open Data