Table 1

Meta-analyzed relative risk of under-five mortality, comparing children of high fertility mothers to low fertility mothers, stratified by country-level total fertility rate

Birth order 1

Birth order 2

Birth order 3

Birth order 4


TFR 2-<4 (n=7)

2.53 (1.89, 3.38)

2.48 (1.94, 3.17)

2.81 (1.98, 3.99)

1.91 (1.27, 2.86)

TFR 4-<6 (n=14)

1.87 (1.63, 2.14)

1.94 (1.64, 2.29)

1.88 (1.57, 2.26)

1.58 (1.22, 2.06)

TFR 6-<8 (n=22)

1.28 (1.16, 1.42)

1.40 (1.23, 1.59)

1.34 (1.20, 1.49)

1.19 (1.06, 1.35)


TFR = total fertility rate

n represents number of countries that belonged to the specified TFR level

Kozuki et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13(Suppl 3):S5   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-S3-S5

Open Data