Table 3

Summary of included studies presenting estimates of association between breastfeeding initiation and cause-specific mortality

Study/References

Ghana

Nepal

India


Author (Year)

Edmond (2006)

Mullany (2008)

Garcia (2011)


Location

Community

Community

Community

Sample Size

10,947

22,838

10,464

Design

Prospective cohort

Prospective cohort

Prospective Cohort

Definition of Exposure

Early vs. late

Early vs. late

Early vs. late

Cause of Death Outcome

- Infection

0.39 (0.26 – 0.61)

0.70 (0.46 – 1.06)

0.68 (0.30 – 1.54)

- Sepsis

0.38 (0.20 – 0.83)

0.61 (0.38 – 0.97)

0.20 (0.07 – 0.60)

- Birth Asphyxia

0.45 (0.15 – 1.41)

0.48 (0.12 – 1.98)

0.79 (0.11 – 5.94)

- Premature

0.73 (0.24 – 1.45)

0.44 (0.19 – 1.00)

n/a

Grade

HIGH

HIGH

HIGH


Debes et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13(Suppl 3):S19   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-S3-S19

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