Table 1

Study characteristics

Study arms


Intervention

Control


Author

n

Probiotic microorganism (dosage)

Duration & method of treatment

n

Placebo


Boudraa [12]

56

L. bulgaricus &S. thermophilus (2x108 CFU/g)

180 mL/kg/day infant formula given after initial oral rehydration

56

Infant formula acidified with lactic acid to match yogurt pH


Canani [13]

100

Lactobacillus GG (6x109 CFU/dose)

2/day for 5 days in 20 ml water

92

Not described

91

S. boulardii (5x109 live organisms/dose)

2/day for 5 days in 20 ml water

92

100

Bacillus clausii (109 CFU/dose)

2/day for 5 days in 20 ml water

92

97

L. bulgaricus, L. acidophilus, S. thermophilus, B. bifidum (5x108- 109 CFU/dose)

2/day for 5 days in 20 ml water

92

91

Enterococcus faecium (7.5x107 CFU/dose)

2/day for 5 days in 20 ml water

92


Cetina-Sauri [18]

65

S. boulardii (200 mg/dose)

Every 8 hours in 5ml of cold liquid

65

200mg glucose in 5ml cold liquid


Costa-Ribeiro [14]

61

Lactobacillus GG (10x109 CFU/day)

1/day w/oral electrolyte solution

63

Inulin


Lee [15]

50

Lyophilized L. acidophilus and B. infantis (3x109 CFU of each/day)

1/day for 4 days

50

Not described


Misra [16]

105

Lactobacillus GG (1x109 CFU/dose)

1/day for 10 days

105

Identical placebo (crystalline microcellulose)


Rafeey [19]

40

L. acidophilus (5x109 CFU/capsule)

2 capsules/ day

40

Not described


Veereman-Wauters [17]

Diarrhea duration: 25; Stool frequency: 22

Lactobacillus GG, L. acidophilus, L. casei, L. plantarum, B. infantis (3x109 CFU/capsule)

3 capsules/ day for 9 days

22

Identical placebo (maltodextrine)


Applegate et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13(Suppl 3):S16   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-S3-S16

Open Data