Table 1

Scheme of analysis for chlorhexidine groups and non-chlorhexidine groups in the included studies

Study ID

Study groups

Any CHX vs. No CHX


Nepal trial 2006 [11]

Group A: Multiple cleansing of cord stump with 4 % CHX.

Group B: Cleansing of cord with Soap and water

Group C: Dry cord care

Group A vs. Group B +C


Bangladesh trial 2012 [12]

Group A: Multiple cleansing of cord stump with 4 % CHX.

Group B: Single cleansing of cord stump with 4 % CHX.

Group C: Dry cord care

Group A + B vs. Group C


Pakistan trial 2012 [13]

Group A: Multiple cleansing of cord stump with 4 % CHX and promotion of handwashing among caregivers.

Group B: Promotion of handwashing only.

Group C: Multiple cleansing of cord stump with 4 % CHX only

Group D: Dry cord care

Group A +C vs. Group B +D


CHX: Chlorhexidine

Imdad et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13(Suppl 3):S15   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-S3-S15

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